Reconstruction of the severely atrophic mandible using calvarial split bone grafts for implant-supported oral rehabilitation

Smolka, Wenko; Bosshardt, Dieter D; Mericske-Stern, Regina; Iizuka, Tateyuki (2006). Reconstruction of the severely atrophic mandible using calvarial split bone grafts for implant-supported oral rehabilitation. Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, oral radiology and endodontology, 101(1), pp. 35-42. Orlando, Fla.: Elsevier 10.1016/j.tripleo.2005.03.022

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OBJECTIVES: This article describes reconstruction of the severely atrophic mandible using calvarial bone grafts for implant-supported prosthetic oral rehabilitation. The study aim was to evaluate the efficacy of the treatment by determining implant survival and complication rates, and the extent of the postoperative graft resorption. STUDY DESIGN: Ten patients who underwent the treatment were followed clinically and radiologically using panoramic radiographs and CT scans during a mean postoperative period of 30 months. RESULTS: Good bone healing was observable 6 months postoperatively. The height reduction measured on panoramic radiographs was insignificant (mean 0.68 mm). Only minor complications occurred. Implant survival was 95%. Prosthodontic treatment was successfully performed in all cases, resulting in an improvement of oral function. Histological analysis of 1 bone biopsy showed minimal resorptive changes in otherwise very dense bone. CONCLUSION: Augmentation using calvarial grafts is a promising treatment alternative for the severely atrophic mandible.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Prosthodontics (discontinued)
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Craniomaxillofacial Surgery

UniBE Contributor:

Smolka, Wenko; Bosshardt, Dieter; Mericske, Regina and Iizuka, Tateyuki

ISSN:

1079-2104

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Eveline Carmen Schuler

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:46

Last Modified:

25 Jan 2017 12:17

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.tripleo.2005.03.022

PubMed ID:

16360606

Web of Science ID:

000234287900007

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/19307 (FactScience: 1837)

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