Atrial secondary tricuspid regurgitation: pathophysiology, definition, diagnosis, and treatment.

Muraru, Denisa; Badano, Luigi P; Hahn, Rebecca T; Lang, Roberto M; Delgado, Victoria; Wunderlich, Nina C; Donal, Erwan; Taramasso, Maurizio; Duncan, Alison; Lurz, Philipp; De Potter, Tom; Zamorano Gómez, José L; Bax, Jeroen J; von Bardeleben, Ralph Stephan; Enriquez-Sarano, Maurice; Maisano, Francesco; Praz, Fabien; Sitges, Marta (2024). Atrial secondary tricuspid regurgitation: pathophysiology, definition, diagnosis, and treatment. European heart journal, 45(11), pp. 895-911. Oxford University Press 10.1093/eurheartj/ehae088

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Atrial secondary tricuspid regurgitation (A-STR) is a distinct phenotype of secondary tricuspid regurgitation with predominant dilation of the right atrium and normal right and left ventricular function. Atrial secondary tricuspid regurgitation occurs most commonly in elderly women with atrial fibrillation and in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction in sinus rhythm. In A-STR, the main mechanism of leaflet malcoaptation is related to the presence of a significant dilation of the tricuspid annulus secondary to right atrial enlargement. In addition, there is an insufficient adaptive growth of tricuspid valve leaflets that become unable to cover the enlarged annular area. As opposed to the ventricular phenotype, in A-STR, the tricuspid valve leaflet tethering is typically trivial. The A-STR phenotype accounts for 10%-15% of clinically relevant tricuspid regurgitation and has better outcomes compared with the more prevalent ventricular phenotype. Recent data suggest that patients with A-STR may benefit from more aggressive rhythm control and timely valve interventions. However, little is mentioned in current guidelines on how to identify, evaluate, and manage these patients due to the lack of consistent evidence and variable definitions of this entity in recent investigations. This interdisciplinary expert opinion document focusing on A-STR is intended to help physicians understand this complex and rapidly evolving topic by reviewing its distinct pathophysiology, diagnosis, and multi-modality imaging characteristics. It first defines A-STR by proposing specific quantitative criteria for defining the atrial phenotype and for discriminating it from the ventricular phenotype, in order to facilitate standardization and consistency in research.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology

UniBE Contributor:

Praz, Fabien Daniel


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




Oxford University Press




Pubmed Import

Date Deposited:

06 Mar 2024 07:25

Last Modified:

16 Mar 2024 00:16

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

Atrial fibrillation Atrial functional tricuspid regurgitation Secondary tricuspid regurgitation Transcatheter interventions Tricuspid regurgitation Tricuspid valve




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