Anger, hostility, and posttraumatic stress disorder in trauma-exposed adults: A meta-analysis

Orth, Ulrich; Wieland, Elias (2006). Anger, hostility, and posttraumatic stress disorder in trauma-exposed adults: A meta-analysis. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 74(4), pp. 698-706. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association 10.1037/0022-006X.74.4.698

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This meta-analysis synthesizes the available data on the strength of association between anger and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and between hostility and PTSD, covering 39 studies with trauma-exposed adults. Effect sizes did not differ for anger and hostility, which could therefore be combined; effect sizes for anger expression variables were analyzed separately. The analyses revealed large effects. The weighted mean effect size (r) was .48 for anger–hostility, .29 for anger out, .53 for anger in, and -.44 for anger control. Moderator analyses were conducted for anger–hostility, showing that effect sizes were substantially larger with increasing time since the event and that effect sizes were larger in samples with military war experience than in samples that had experienced other types of traumatic events.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Developmental Psychology

UniBE Contributor:

Orth, Ulrich

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology

ISSN:

0022-006X

Publisher:

American Psychological Association

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:48

Last Modified:

08 Jan 2015 14:37

Publisher DOI:

10.1037/0022-006X.74.4.698

Web of Science ID:

000239608900007

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.19900

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/19900 (FactScience: 2974)

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