Self-conscious emotions and depression: Rumination explains why shame, but not guilt, is maladaptive

Orth, Ulrich; Berking, Matthias; Burkhardt, Simone (2006). Self-conscious emotions and depression: Rumination explains why shame, but not guilt, is maladaptive. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 32(12), pp. 1608-1619. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage 10.1177/0146167206292958

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Feelings of shame and guilt are factors associated with depression. However, studies simultaneously investigating shame and guilt suggest that only shame has a strong unique effect, although it is not yet clear which psychological processes cause shame and not shame-free guilt to be related to depression. The authors hypothesized that shame, in contrast to guilt, elicits rumination, which then leads to depression. Therefore, in this study we investigated event-related shame and guilt, event-related rumination, and depression among 149 mothers and fathers following family breakup due to marital separation. Data were analyzed using latent variable modeling. The results confirm that shame but not guilt has a strong unique effect on depression. Moreover, the results show that the effect of shame is substantially mediated by rumination. The results are discussed against the background of self-discrepancies and self-esteem.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Developmental Psychology

UniBE Contributor:

Orth, Ulrich and Berking, Matthias John Bryan

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology

ISSN:

0146-1672

Publisher:

Sage

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:48

Last Modified:

09 Jan 2015 14:22

Publisher DOI:

10.1177/0146167206292958

Web of Science ID:

000242053600003

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.19901

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/19901 (FactScience: 2976)

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