Erosive tooth wear: diagnosis, risk factors and prevention

Lussi, Adrian; Hellwig, Elmar; Zero, Domenick; Jaeggi, Thomas (2006). Erosive tooth wear: diagnosis, risk factors and prevention. American journal of dentistry, 19(6), pp. 319-25. Cordova, Tenn.: Mosher & Linder

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PURPOSE: To provide an overview on diagnosis, risk factors and prevention of erosive tooth wear, which is becoming an increasingly important factor when considering the long- term health of the dentition. RESULTS: Awareness of dental erosion by the public is still not widespread due to the cryptic nature of this slowly progressing condition. Smooth silky-glazed appearance with the absence of perikymata and intact enamel along the gingival margin, with cupping and grooving on occlusal surfaces are some typical signs of enamel erosion. In later stages, it is sometimes difficult to distinguish between the influences of erosion, attrition or abrasion during a clinical examination. Biological, behavioral and chemical factors all come into play, which over time, may either wear away the tooth surface, or potentially protect it. In order to assess the risk factors, patient should record their dietary intake for a distinct period of time. Based on these analyses, an individually tailored preventive program may be suggested to patients. It may comprise dietary advice, optimization of fluoride regimes, stimulation of salivary flow rate, use of buffering medicaments and particular motivation for non-destructive tooth brushing habits. The frequent use of fluoride gel and fluoride mouthrinse in addition to fluoride toothpaste offers the opportunity to minimize abrasion of tooth substance.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Further Contribution)


04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Preventive, Restorative and Pediatric Dentistry

UniBE Contributor:

Lussi, Adrian and Jäggi, Thomas




Mosher & Linder




Eveline Carmen Schuler

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:48

Last Modified:

25 Jan 2017 12:17

PubMed ID:


Web of Science ID:


URI: (FactScience: 3119)

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