Increased uptake of 111In-octreotide in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

Lebtahi, Rachida; Moreau, Severine; Marchand-Adam, Sylvain; Debray, Marie-Pierre; Brauner, Michel; Soler, Paul; Marchal, Joëlle; Raguin, Olivier; Gruaz-Guyon, Anne; Reubi, Jean-Claude; Le Guludec, Dominique; Crestani, Bruno (2006). Increased uptake of 111In-octreotide in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Journal of nuclear medicine, 47(8), pp. 1281-7. New York, N.Y.: Society of Nuclear Medicine

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Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is characterized by an uncontrolled accumulation and activation of lung fibroblasts. A modulation of fibroblast activation has been observed in various systems with octreotide, a synthetic somatostatin analog with strong affinity for the somatostatin receptor subtype 2 (sst2). One aim of our study was to evaluate the expression of somatostatin receptors in the lungs of patients with IPF. A second aim was to evaluate the relationship between 111In-octreotide uptake and the effect of pulmonary fibrosis as assessed by lung function tests and parameters and by radiologic findings. METHODS: We investigated 11 patients with IPF, 6 patients with pulmonary fibrosis associated with systemic sclerosis (SSc), and 19 patients with disease not of the lung (control patients). The expression of somatostatin receptors was evaluated in vivo using 111In-octreotide scintigraphy. We evaluated the relationship between 111In-octreotide uptake and the activity of pulmonary fibrosis as assessed by lung function tests, bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) cellularity, and high-resolution CT (HRCT) of the chest. Planar images and thoracic SPECT (24 h) were performed after injection of 222 MBq of 111In-octreotide. Lung uptake was quantified using the lung-to-background ratio (L/B). In addition, the expression of sst2 was evaluated in vitro, in frozen lung-tissue samples using autoradiography, and in human cultures of lung fibroblasts using a ligand-binding assay. RESULTS: Compared with lung uptake in control patients (median L/B, 1.25; range, 1.14-1.49), lung uptake was increased in all 11 IPF patients (median L/B, 2.63; range, 1.59-3.13; P < 0.001) and in 4 of 6 SSc patients (median L/B, 1.68; range, 1.42-2.16). The L/B was lower in SSc patients than in IPF patients (P = 0.011). Increased uptake correlated with the alteration of lung function (carbon monoxide diffusing capacity [rho = -0.655; P = 0.038], diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide and alveolar volume ratio [rho = -0.627; P = 0.047], vital capacity [rho = -0.609; P = 0.054], and total lung capacity [rho = -0.598; P = 0.058]) and with the intensity of alveolitis (total BAL cellularity [rho = 0.756; P = 0.045], neutrophil counts [rho = 0.738; P = 0.05]), and HRCT fibrosis score (rho = 0.673; P = 0.007). Autoradiography suggested that vascular structures were a prominent binding site. Lung fibroblasts expressed somatostatin receptors in vitro as measured by binding assay. CONCLUSION: Our preliminary results identified an increased expression of sst2 in (mainly idiopathic) pulmonary fibrosis. Lung uptake correlates with the alteration of lung function and with the intensity of alveolitis.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Pathology

UniBE Contributor:

Reubi-Kattenbusch, Jean-Claude

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0161-5505

ISBN:

16883006

Publisher:

Society of Nuclear Medicine

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:48

Last Modified:

17 Oct 2019 10:07

PubMed ID:

16883006

Web of Science ID:

000239543200013

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/20294 (FactScience: 3550)

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