Absence of histamine-induced nitric oxide release in the human radial artery: implications for vasospasm of coronary artery bypass vessels

Stähli, Barbara E; Greutert, Helen; Mei, Shaoping; Graf, Philipp; Frischknecht, Karin; Stalder, Mario; Englberger, Lars; Künzli, Andreas; Schärer, Leo; Lüscher, Thomas F; Carrel, Thierry P; Tanner, Felix C (2006). Absence of histamine-induced nitric oxide release in the human radial artery: implications for vasospasm of coronary artery bypass vessels. American journal of physiology - heart and circulatory physiology, 290(3), H1182-9. Bethesda, Md.: American Physiological Society

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Radial artery (RA) bypass grafts can develop severe vasospasm. As histamine is known to induce vasospasm, its effect on RA was assessed compared with the classic bypass vessels internal mammary artery (MA) and saphenous vein (SV). The vessels were examined in organ chambers for isometric tension recording. Histamine induced contractions on baseline; the sensitivity was higher in RA and SV than MA. After precontraction with norepinephrine, histamine did not evoke relaxations of RA but induced relaxations of MA and less of SV at lower concentrations; it induced contractions at higher concentrations, reaching similar levels in all three vessels. Indomethacin did not affect the response of MA and RA but potentiated relaxations and reduced contractions of SV. Endothelium removal, N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), or the H2-receptor blocker cimetidine did not affect the response of RA, but inhibited relaxations and enhanced contractions in MA and inhibited relaxations in SV; in the latter, only L-NAME enhanced contractions. Real-time PCR detected much lower expression of endothelial H2-receptor in RA than MA or SV. Western blots revealed similar endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase expression in all three vessels. Relaxations to acetylcholine were identical in RA and MA. Thus histamine releases NO by activating the endothelial H2-receptor, the expression of which is much lower in RA than MA or SV. H2-receptor activation also releases prostaglandins in SV, partially antagonizing NO. The lack of histamine-induced NO production represents a possible mechanism of RA vasospasm.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Heart Surgery

UniBE Contributor:

Stalder, Mario, Englberger, Lars, Carrel, Thierry






American Physiological Society




Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:50

Last Modified:

27 Feb 2024 14:30

PubMed ID:


Web of Science ID:



https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/21004 (FactScience: 4831)

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