Multiple B-cell clones producing antibodies directed to the spacer and disintegrin/thrombospondin type-1 repeat 1 (TSP1) of ADAMTS13 in a patient with acquired thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura

Luken, B M; Kaijen, P H P; Turenhout, E A M; Kremer Hovinga, J A; van Mourik, J A; Fijnheer, R; Voorberg, J (2006). Multiple B-cell clones producing antibodies directed to the spacer and disintegrin/thrombospondin type-1 repeat 1 (TSP1) of ADAMTS13 in a patient with acquired thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. Journal of thrombosis and haemostasis, 4(11), pp. 2355-64. Oxford: Blackwell 10.1111/j.1538-7836.2006.02164.x

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BACKGROUND: The cysteine-rich/spacer domains of ADAMTS13 contain a major binding site for antibodies in patients with acquired thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). OBJECTIVE: To study the heterogeneity of the antibody response towards these domains an immunoglobulin V-gene phage-display library was constructed to isolate monoclonal anti-ADAMTS13 antibodies from the immunoglobulin repertoire of a patient with acquired TTP. METHODS: Combined variable heavy chain (VH) and variable light chain (VL) segments, expressed as single-chain Fv fragments (scFv), were selected for binding to an ADAMTS13 fragment consisting of the disintegrin/thrombospondin type-1 repeat 1 (TSP1)/cysteine-rich/spacer domains. RESULTS: Seven different scFv antibody clones were identified that were assigned to four groups based on their homology to VH germline gene segments. Epitope-mapping revealed that scFv I-9 (VH1-69), I-26 (VH1-02), and I-41 (VH3-09) bind to an overlapping binding site in the ADAMTS13 spacer domain, whereas scFv I-16 (VH3-07) binds to the disintegrin/TSP1 domains. The affinity of scFv for the disintegrin/TSP1/cysteine-rich/spacer domain was determined by surface plasmon resonance analysis and the dissociation constants ranged from 3 to 254 nM. The scFv partially inhibited ADAMTS13 activity. However, full-length IgG prepared from the variable domains of scFv I-9 inhibited ADAMTS13 activity more profoundly. Plasma of six patients with acquired TTP competed for binding of scFv I-9 to ADAMTS13. CONCLUSION: Our data indicate that multiple B-cell clones producing antibodies directed against the spacer domain are present in the patient analyzed in this study. Our findings also suggest that antibodies with a similar epitope specificity as scFv I-9 are present in plasma of other patients with acquired TTP.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Haematology and Central Haematological Laboratory

UniBE Contributor:

Kremer Hovinga, Johanna Anna

ISSN:

1538-7933

ISBN:

16898953

Publisher:

Blackwell

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:50

Last Modified:

17 Mar 2015 21:53

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/j.1538-7836.2006.02164.x

PubMed ID:

16898953

Web of Science ID:

000241237700011

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/21187 (FactScience: 5164)

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