[Femoroacetabular impingement: trigger for the development of coxarthrosis]

Leunig, M; Beck, M; Dora, C; Ganz, R (2006). [Femoroacetabular impingement: trigger for the development of coxarthrosis]. Orthopäde, 35(1), pp. 77-84. Heidelberg: Springer-Medizin-Verlag 10.1007/s00132-005-0896-4

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Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is frequent; the estimated prevalence ranges between 10 and 15%. Our 10-years experience strongly suggests that FAI leads to osteoarthritis. Isolated acetabular or femoral abnormalities are rare, even though in women acetabular and in men femoral abnormalities predominate. Normal radiographs do not exclude the presence of FAI. Symptoms are related to the degree of deformity and occur earlier in the presence of activities requiring high levels of motion. The majority of patients with FAI are under the age of 40 years.In contrast to impingement in total hip replacement, the natural hip is under much higher constraint, not allowing to escape from impingement-induced shear forces by subluxation or complete dislocation. FAI-induced shear forces due to an aspherical femoral head/neck (cam type) are therefore high, causing outside-in damage with cleavage lesions of the acetabular cartilage by forced flexion and internal rotation. The cartilage of the femoral head remains initially intact, which cannot be explained by the classic concept of osteoarthritis. After the femoral head has migrated into the acetabular cartilage defect, vertical forces contribute to the further course of osteoarthritis. Tears between the labrum and cartilage, as seen by MRI, are not avulsions of the labrum from the cartilage but rather outside-in avulsions of the cartilage from the labrum. In acetabular overcoverage (pincer type) the labrum is the first structure to fail and acetabular cartilage damage develops thereafter.The treatment of FAI in patients under the age of 40 years is aimed at joint preservation. The clinical result is worse in the presence of significant cartilage damage. Therefore, early appreciation of FAI and timely therapeutic intervention as well as professional and athletic adjustment are important if osteoarthritis is to be prevented.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Orthopaedic, Plastic and Hand Surgery (DOPH) > Clinic of Orthopaedic Surgery

UniBE Contributor:

Beck, Martin

ISSN:

0085-4530

ISBN:

16322969

Publisher:

Springer-Medizin-Verlag

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:51

Last Modified:

17 Mar 2015 21:54

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00132-005-0896-4

PubMed ID:

16322969

Web of Science ID:

000235404100010

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/21496 (FactScience: 7251)

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