Motives for cannabis use as a moderator variable of distress among young adults

Brodbeck, Jeannette; Matter, Monika; Page, Julie; Moggi, Franz (2007). Motives for cannabis use as a moderator variable of distress among young adults. Addictive behaviors, 32(8), pp. 1537-45. Amsterdam: Elsevier 10.1016/j.addbeh.2006.11.012

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This study examined the moderating effect of social and coping motives on distress among young cannabis-using adults. A random sample of 2031 young Swiss adults was interviewed by means of a computer-assisted telephone interview. Cannabis users showed more distress, less positive health behaviour and higher hedonism compared to non-users. Taking motive for use as a moderator variable into consideration, it became evident that only cannabis users with coping motives showed lower mental health, more symptoms of psychopathology, more psychosocial distress and more life events than non-users. Young adults with social motives for use on the other hand did not differ from non-users in terms of distress. These differences between cannabis users with social and those with coping motives remained stable over two years. In both subgroups, participants with regular cannabis use at baseline did not increase distress nor did participants with higher distress at baseline increase the frequency of their cannabis use. Our results suggest that secondary prevention for cannabis users should target especially young adults with coping motives for use.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy > Management

UniBE Contributor:

Brodbeck Roos, Jeannette; Matter, Monika and Moggi, Franz










Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:51

Last Modified:

06 Dec 2013 13:44

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Web of Science ID:


URI: (FactScience: 7314)

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