Osseointegration of hollow cylinder based spinal implants in normal and osteoporotic vertebrae: a sheep study

Goldhahn, J; Neuhoff, D; Schaeren, S; Steiner, B; Linke, B; Aebi, M; Schneider, E (2006). Osseointegration of hollow cylinder based spinal implants in normal and osteoporotic vertebrae: a sheep study. Archives of orthopaedic and trauma surgery, 126(8), pp. 554-61. Berlin: Springer 10.1007/s00402-006-0185-7

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INTRODUCTION: Osteoporosis is not only responsible for an increased number of metaphyseal and spinal fractures but it also complicates their treatment. To prevent the initial loosening, we developed a new implant with an enlarged implant/bone interface based on the concept of perforated, hollow cylinders. We evaluated whether osseointegration of a hollow cylinder based implant takes place in normal or osteoporotic bone of sheep under functional loading conditions during anterior stabilization of the lumbar spine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Osseointegration of the cylinders and status of the fused segments (ventral corpectomy, replacement with iliac strut, and fixation with testing implant) were investigated in six osteoporotic (age 6.9 +/- 0.8 years, mean body weight 61.1 +/- 5.2 kg) and seven control sheep (age 6.1 +/- 0.2 years, mean body weight 64.9 +/- 5.7 kg). Osteoporosis was introduced using a combination protocol of ovariectomy, high-dose prednisone, calcium and phosphor reduced diet and movement restriction. Osseointegration was quantified using fluorescence and conventional histology; fusion status was determined using biomechanical testing of the stabilized segment in a six-degree-of-freedom loading device as well as with radiological and histological staging. RESULTS: Intact bone trabeculae were found in 70% of all perforations without differences between the two groups (P = 0.26). Inside the cylinders, bone volume/total volume was significantly higher than in the control vertebra (50 +/- 16 vs. 28 +/- 13%) of the same animal (P<0.01), but significantly less (P<0.01) than in the near surrounding (60 +/- 21%). After biomechanical testing as described in Sect. "Materials and methods", seven spines (three healthy and four osteoporotic) were classified as completely fused and six (four healthy and two osteoporotic) as not fused after a 4-month observation time. All endplates were bridged with intact trabeculae in the histological slices. CONCLUSIONS: The high number of perforations, filled with intact trabeculae, indicates an adequate fixation; bridging trabeculae between adjacent endplates and tricortical iliac struts in all vertebrae indicates that the anchorage is adequate to promote fusion in this animal model, even in the osteoporotic sheep.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute for Evaluative Research into Orthopaedic Surgery

UniBE Contributor:

Aebi, Max

ISSN:

0936-8051

ISBN:

16865404

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:51

Last Modified:

17 Mar 2015 21:54

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00402-006-0185-7

PubMed ID:

16865404

Web of Science ID:

000240808600010

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/21586 (FactScience: 8003)

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