Evaluation of cavitations in proximal caries lesions at various magnification levels in vitro

Kielbassa, Andrej M; Paris, Sebastian; Lussi, Adrian; Meyer-Lueckel, Hendrik (2006). Evaluation of cavitations in proximal caries lesions at various magnification levels in vitro. Journal of dentistry, 34(10), pp. 817-22. Oxford: Elsevier Science 10.1016/j.jdent.2006.04.001

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OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the cavitation rate of proximal caries using different magnification aids in vitro. METHODS: Radiographs of 285 extracted teeth were taken and the proximal surfaces were graded to the criteria R0 (no radiolucency), R1 (radiolucency confined to the outer half of enamel), R2 (inner half of enamel) and R3 (outer half of dentin). Subsequently, the proximal surfaces were checked for the presence of cavitations with the naked eye (NE), and by using 4.3 x magnification eyeglasses (ME), a stereo microscope (SM, 10x), or a scanning electron microscope (SEM, up to 2000 x magnification). RESULTS: In surfaces with R3 caries, cavitations were visible in 56 of 59 cases with the naked eye. When using SEM, all surfaces revealed cavitations (100%). Regarding the surfaces with R2 lesion, 36 of 46 cases showed cavitations (NE); the corresponding values were 39/46 (ME), 41/46 (SM), and 46/46 (SEM); in the latter, in most cases deep defects could be observed. With regard to R1 lesions, 36/60 (NE), 43/60 (ME), 45/60 (SM), and 58/60 (SEM) cases revealed cavitations. A breakdown of radiographically sound surfaces (R0) was present in some 10% of the examined surfaces (24/261, NE; 33/261, SEM). CONCLUSIONS: Cavitations (defined as breakdown of the surface) are present in significantly more cases than previously reported. This might be an explanation why even small radiolucencies tend to progress, albeit slowly. Thus, close follow-ups should strongly be recommended when considering a preventive treatment regimen with small radiolucencies.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Preventive, Restorative and Pediatric Dentistry

UniBE Contributor:

Lussi, Adrian




Elsevier Science




Eveline Carmen Schuler

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:52

Last Modified:

25 Jan 2017 12:17

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Web of Science ID:



https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/21822 (FactScience: 15206)

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