Effects of Delta12-prostaglandin J2 on bone regeneration and growth factor expression in rats

Damrongsri, Damrong; Geva, Sarah; Salvi, Giovanni E; Cooper, Lyndon F; Limwongse, Visaka; Offenbacher, Steven (2006). Effects of Delta12-prostaglandin J2 on bone regeneration and growth factor expression in rats. Clinical oral implants research, 17(1), pp. 48-57. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell 10.1111/j.1600-0501.02005.01181.x

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OBJECTIVES: Cyclopentenone prostaglandins have been shown to promote osteoblast differentiation in vitro. The aim of this study was to examine in a rat model the effects of local delivery of Delta(12)-prostaglandin J(2) (Delta(12)-PGJ(2)) on new bone formation and growth factor expression in (i) cortical defects and (ii) around titanium implants. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Standardized transcortical defects were prepared bilaterally in the femur of 28 male Wistar rats. Ten microliters of Delta(12)-PGJ(2) at 4 concentrations (10(-9), 10(-7), 10(-5) and 10(-3) mol/l) in a collagen vehicle were delivered inside a half-cylindrical titanium chamber fixed over the defect. Contralateral defects served as vehicle controls. Ten days after surgery, the amount of new bone formation in the cortical defect area was determined by histomorphometry and expression of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-A and -B, insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I/II, bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2 and -6 was examined by immunohistochemistry. In an additional six rats, 24 titanium implants were inserted into the femur. Five microliters of carboxymethylcellulose alone (control) or with Delta(12)-PGJ(2) (10(-5) and 10(-3) mol/l) were delivered into surgically prepared beds prior to implant installation. RESULTS: Delta(12)-PGJ(2) (10(-5) and 10(-3) mol/l) significantly enhanced new bone formation (33%, P<0.05) compared with control cortical defects. Delivery of Delta(12)-PGJ(2) at 10(-3) mol/l significantly increased PDGF-A and -B and BMP-2 and -6 protein expression (P<0.05) compared with control defects. No significant difference was found in IGF-I/II expression compared with controls. Administration of Delta(12)-PGJ(2) also significantly increased endosteal new bone formation around implants compared with controls. CONCLUSION: Local delivery of Delta(12)-PGJ(2) promoted new bone formation in the cortical defect area and around titanium implants. Enhanced expression of BMP-2 and -6 as well as PDGF-A and -B may be involved in Delta(12)-PGJ(2)-induced new bone formation.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Periodontology

UniBE Contributor:

Salvi, Giovanni








Eveline Carmen Schuler

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:52

Last Modified:

25 Jan 2017 12:17

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Web of Science ID:



https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/21842 (FactScience: 15365)

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