Morphological and immunocytochemical characterization of feline odontoclastic resorptive lesions

Bosshardt, DD; Nebiker, S; Brack, S; Schawalder, P; Lang, NP (2006). Morphological and immunocytochemical characterization of feline odontoclastic resorptive lesions. In: Pan European Federation of IADR (PEF 2006). Dublin Ireland. September 13-16, 2006.

Objective: Feline odontoclastic resorptive lesions (FORL) are common in domestic cats. The disease is painful, and leads to root resorption and replacement by bone, and tooth loss. The cause of this non-curable disease has not been established. The present study focused on the periodontal ligament (PL) in clinically and histologically healthy teeth and in teeth exhibiting various degrees of FORL. Methods: A total of 176 tissue blocks from 29 teeth was available for light and transmission electron microscopy. An antibody against osteopontin (OPN) was used for high-resolution immunocytochemistry, since this protein is involved in bone remodeling, cell adhesion, and inflammation. Results: A partial low cell number and an occasional translucent perivascular zone characterized the PL in healthy looking teeth. In teeth exhibiting small or initial FORL, the perivascular hyalinization was more pronounced, cell number was reduced, and widened channels connected the PL with the alveolar bone. In teeth exhibiting severe forms of FORL, the PL tissue was drastically affected. PL regions with massive tissue destruction were characterized by a lack of both cells and extracellular matrix, while other regions were replaced by bone marrow stroma. OPN labeling was restricted to the PL-facing matrix portions of bone and cementum. Conclusion: PL alterations seem to be a common feature in feline teeth. PL degeneration may initially be associated with vasculitis and appeared to increase with the severity of FORL. Since the PL did not recover and bone marrow stroma occupied the degenerated PL, ankylosis and replacement resorption are regarded as unavoidable sequelae.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Abstract)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Periodontology

UniBE Contributor:

Bosshardt, Dieter and Lang, Niklaus Peter

Language:

English

Submitter:

Eveline Carmen Schuler

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:52

Last Modified:

25 Jan 2017 12:17

Additional Information:

Abstract Nr. 258

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/21896 (FactScience: 19569)

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