Diagnostic accuracy of 64-slice computed tomography for detecting angiographically significant coronary artery stenosis in an unselected consecutive patient population: comparison with conventional invasive angiography

Ehara, Mariko; Surmely, Jean-Francois; Kawai, Masato; Katoh, Osamu; Matsubara, Tetsuo; Terashima, Mitsuyasu; Tsuchikane, Etsuo; Kinoshita, Yoshihisa; Suzuki, Tomomichi; Ito, Tatsuya; Takeda, Yoshihiro; Nasu, Kenya; Tanaka, Nobuyoshi; Murata, Akira; Suzuki, Yasuyuki; Sato, Koyo; Suzuki, Takahiko (2006). Diagnostic accuracy of 64-slice computed tomography for detecting angiographically significant coronary artery stenosis in an unselected consecutive patient population: comparison with conventional invasive angiography. Circulation journal, 70(5), pp. 564-71. Kyoto (Jap.): Japanese Circulation Society 10.1253/circj.70.564

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BACKGROUND: Multislice computed tomography (MSCT) is a promising noninvasive method of detecting coronary artery disease (CAD). However, most data have been obtained in selected series of patients. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the accuracy of 64-slice MSCT (64 MSCT) in daily practice, without any patient selection. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using 64-slice MSCT coronary angiography (CTA), 69 consecutive patients, 39 (57%) of whom had previously undergone stent implantation, were evaluated. The mean heart rate during scan was 72 beats/min, scan time 13.6 s and the amount of contrast media 72 mL. The mean time span between invasive coronary angiography (ICAG) and CTA was 6 days. Significant stenosis was defined as a diameter reduction of > 50%. Of 966 segments, 884 (92%) were assessable. Compared with ICAG, the sensitivity of CTA to diagnose significant stenosis was 90%, specificity 94%, positive predictive value (PPV) 89% and negative predictive value (NPV) 95%. With regard to 58 stented lesions, the sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV were 93%, 96%, 87% and 98%, respectively. On the patient-based analysis, the sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV of CTA to detect CAD were 98%, 86%, 98% and 86%, respectively. Eighty-two (8%) segments were not assessable because of irregular rhythm, calcification or tachycardia. CONCLUSION: Sixty-four-MSCT has a high accuracy for the detection of significant CAD in an unselected patient population and therefore can be considered as a valuable noninvasive technique.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology

UniBE Contributor:

Surmely, Jean-Francois

ISSN:

1346-9843

ISBN:

16636491

Publisher:

Japanese Circulation Society

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:52

Last Modified:

17 Mar 2015 21:55

Publisher DOI:

10.1253/circj.70.564

PubMed ID:

16636491

Web of Science ID:

000237129400010

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/21955 (FactScience: 20544)

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