[Influence of local anaesthesia on pain and distress induced by bloodless castration methods in young lambs]

Mellema, S C; Doherr, M G; Wechsler, B; Thüer, S; Steiner, A (2007). [Influence of local anaesthesia on pain and distress induced by bloodless castration methods in young lambs]. Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde, 149(5), pp. 213-25. Bern: Huber

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Behavioural and cortisol responses of lambs were used as indicators of pain and distress to assess short- and long-term effects of bloodless castration methods with and without local anaesthesia. Eighty lambs, aged 2-7 days, were control handled or castrated by crushing- Burdizzo- or rubber ring method with and without local anaesthesia. Either 4 mg/kg diluted lidocaine, or corresponding volumes of physiologic sodium chloride solution were distributed in both spermatic cords and the scrotal neck. The serum cortisol response was monitored for 48 h, behavioural- and clinical traits over a 3-month period. The crushing castration method was excluded from the study after 10 lambs had been castrated, since this method showed severe local reactions. Local anaesthesia significantly reduced behavioural and cortisol responses after rubber ring castration and tendentially after Burdizzo castration. Prolonged or chronic pain after rubber ring castration with anaesthesia was not evident. If combined with local anaesthesia, both the rubber ring and the Burdizzo method are acceptable methods for castration of lambs up to one week of age.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > Clinic for Ruminants
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > DVK - Clinical Research (discontinued)
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Experimental Clinical Research

UniBE Contributor:

Mellema, Sibylle; Doherr, Marcus and Steiner, Adrian

ISSN:

0036-7281

Publisher:

Huber

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:52

Last Modified:

03 Feb 2015 10:34

PubMed ID:

17557613

Web of Science ID:

000246601900003

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/22247 (FactScience: 33589)

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