[Influence of local anaesthesia on short- and long-term pain induced in calves by three bloodless castration methods]

Thüer, S; Doherr, M G; Wechsler, B; Mellema, S C; Nuss, K; Kirchhofer, M; Steiner, A (2007). [Influence of local anaesthesia on short- and long-term pain induced in calves by three bloodless castration methods]. Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde, 149(5), pp. 201-11. Bern: Huber 10.1024/0036-7281.149.5.201

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Behavioural and cortisol responses of calves were used as indicators of pain to assess short- and long-term effects of three bloodless castration methods with and without local anaesthesia. Eighty calves, aged 21 to 28 days, were control handled (20) or castrated by Burdizzo (25), rubber ring (25), or crushing technique (10). Either a total volume of 10 ml of Lidocaine or NaCl was distributed in both spermatic cords and the scrotal neck. The plasma cortisol response was monitored for 72 hours, and behavioural and clinical traits over a three-month period. Castration success was assessed by degree of atrophy and histological tissue examination. The crushing technique cannot be recommended due to incomplete castration success, and the evaluation was stopped after 10 animals. Local anaesthesia reduced the level of indicators of acute pain after Burdizzo and rubber ring technique. It did, however, not result in a totally painless castration. When castration is performed at the age of 3 to 4 weeks, the rubber ring but not the Burdizzo method showed evidence of chronic pain lasting for several weeks.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > Clinic for Ruminants
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > DVK - Clinical Research (discontinued)
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Experimental Clinical Research

UniBE Contributor:

Doherr, Marcus; Mellema, Sibylle; Kirchhofer, Marc Peter and Steiner, Adrian

ISSN:

0036-7281

Publisher:

Huber

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:52

Last Modified:

03 Feb 2015 10:45

Publisher DOI:

10.1024/0036-7281.149.5.201

PubMed ID:

17557612

Web of Science ID:

000246601900002

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/22252 (FactScience: 33605)

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