Effect of local anaesthesia on short- and long-term pain induced by two bloodless castration methods in calves

Thüer, Susann; Mellema, Sibylle; Doherr, Marcus G; Wechsler, Beat; Nuss, Karl; Steiner, Adrian (2007). Effect of local anaesthesia on short- and long-term pain induced by two bloodless castration methods in calves. Veterinary journal, 173(2), pp. 333-42. Amsterdam: Elsevier 10.1016/j.tvjl.2005.08.031

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Behavioural and cortisol responses of calves were used as indicators of pain to assess short- and long-term effects of bloodless castration methods with and without local anaesthesia. Seventy calves, aged 21-28 days, were control handled (20) or castrated using the Burdizzo (25) or rubber ring technique (25). Either 10 mL lidocaine or NaCl were distributed in both spermatic cords and the scrotal neck. The plasma cortisol response was recorded for 72 h, and behavioural and clinical traits monitored over a three month period. Local anaesthesia reduced the level of indicators of acute pain after both the Burdizzo and rubber ring techniques. It did not, however, result in a totally painless castration. As there was evidence of chronic pain lasting for several weeks after rubber ring castration, the Burdizzo method is judged to be preferable to the rubber ring technique.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > Clinic for Ruminants
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > DVK - Clinical Research (discontinued)
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Experimental Clinical Research

UniBE Contributor:

Mellema, Sibylle; Doherr, Marcus and Steiner, Adrian

ISSN:

1090-0233

Publisher:

Elsevier

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:52

Last Modified:

03 Feb 2015 10:46

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.tvjl.2005.08.031

PubMed ID:

16223591

Web of Science ID:

000244858900019

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/22253 (FactScience: 33610)

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