A randomized trial of effects of health risk appraisal combined with group sessions or home visits on preventive behaviors in older adults

Dapp, Ulrike; Anders, Jennifer A M; von Renteln-Kruse, Wolfgang; Minder, Christoph E; Meier-Baumgartner, Hans Peter; Swift Cameron, G; Gillmann, Gerhard; Egger, Matthias; Beck, John C; Stuck, Andreas E (2011). A randomized trial of effects of health risk appraisal combined with group sessions or home visits on preventive behaviors in older adults. Journals of gerontology. Series A - biological sciences and medical sciences, 66(5), pp. 591-598. Cary, N.C.: Oxford University Press 10.1093/gerona/glr021

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Background. To explore effects of a health risk appraisal for older people (HRA-O) program with reinforcement, we conducted a randomized controlled trial in 21 general practices in Hamburg, Germany.

Methods. Overall, 2,580 older patients of 14 general practitioners trained in reinforcing recommendations related to HRA-O-identified risk factors were randomized into intervention (n = 878) and control (n = 1,702) groups. Patients (n = 746) of seven additional matched general practitioners who did not receive this training served as a comparison group. Patients allocated to the intervention group, and their general practitioners, received computer-tailored written recommendations, and patients were offered the choice between interdisciplinary group sessions (geriatrician, physiotherapist, social worker, and nutritionist) and home visits (nurse).

Results. Among the intervention group, 580 (66%) persons made use of personal reinforcement (group sessions: 503 [87%], home visits: 77 [13%]). At 1-year follow-up, persons in the intervention group had higher use of preventive services (eg, influenza vaccinations, adjusted odds ratio 1.7; 95% confidence interval 1.4–2.1) and more favorable health behavior (eg, high fruit/fiber intake, odds ratio 2.0; 95% confidence interval 1.6–2.6), as compared with controls. Comparisons between intervention and comparison group data revealed similar effects, suggesting that physician training alone had no effect. Subgroup analyses indicated favorable effects for HRA-O with personal reinforcement, but not for HRA-O without reinforcement.

Conclusions. HRA-O combined with physician training and personal reinforcement had favorable effects on preventive care use and health behavior.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of General Internal Medicine (DAIM) > Geriatric Clinic
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM)
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurosurgery

UniBE Contributor:

Gillmann, Gerhard, Egger, Matthias, Beck, Jürgen, Stuck, Andreas




Oxford University Press




Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:12

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 14:01

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https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/2254 (FactScience: 204632)

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