PLANT MACROFOSSIL METHODS AND STUDIES / Treeline studies

Tinner, Willy (2007). PLANT MACROFOSSIL METHODS AND STUDIES / Treeline studies. In: Elias, S.A. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science (pp. 2374-2384). Amsterdam: Elsevier 10.1016/B0-44-452747-8/00217-9

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Macrofossil series from mountainous and polar areas such as the Alps, the Scandes, and the Rocky Mountains provide useful information about the late Quaternary course of treelines. Reconstructions of past treeline positions and compositions after the Ice Age can be used to infer paleoclimatic information or to study treeline ecosystem responses to (rapid) climatic change. Both approaches are illustrated by study cases. In addition to these paleoclimatic and paleoecological issues, macrofossil records can be used to validate dynamic treeline vegetation models. An example from the Alps shows the high potential of such a procedure towards applying forest-succession models for assessing future vegetation dynamics at treeline.

Item Type:

Book Section (Encyclopedia Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Palaeoecology
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)

UniBE Contributor:

Tinner, Willy

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISBN:

9780444527479

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:53

Last Modified:

18 May 2017 17:00

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/B0-44-452747-8/00217-9

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Biosphere responses; climate change; Holocene; Late Glacial; Macrofossils; Sediments; Simulations; Timberline; Treeline; tree limit; vegetation history; vegetation modeling

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/22594 (FactScience: 35281)

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