A pain assessment scale for population-based studies: Development and validation of the Pain Module of the Standard Evaluation Questionnaire

Müller, U; Tänzler, K; Bürger, A; Staub, L; Tamcan, O; Roeder, C; Jüni, P; Trelle, S (2008). A pain assessment scale for population-based studies: Development and validation of the Pain Module of the Standard Evaluation Questionnaire. Pain, 136(1-2), pp. 62-74. Amsterdam: Elsevier 10.1016/j.pain.2007.06.014

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The objectives of this study were to develop and validate a tool for assessing pain in population-based observational studies and to develop three subscales for back/neck, upper extremity and lower extremity pain. Based on a literature review, items were extracted from validated questionnaires and reviewed by an expert panel. The initial questionnaire consisted of a pain manikin and 34 items relating to (i) intensity of pain in different body regions (7 items), (ii) pain during activities of daily living (18 items) and (iii) various pain modalities (9 items). Psychometric validation of the initial questionnaire was performed in a random sample of the German-speaking Swiss population. Analyses included tests for reliability, correlation analysis, principal components factor analysis, tests for internal consistency and validity. Overall, 16,634 of 23,763 eligible individuals participated (70%). Test-retest reliability coefficients ranged from 0.32 to 0.97, but only three coefficients were below 0.60. Subscales were constructed combining four items for each of the subscales. Item-total coefficients ranged from 0.76 to 0.86 and Cronbach's alpha were 0.75 or higher for all subscales. Correlation coefficients between subscales and three validated instruments (WOMAC, SPADI and Oswestry) ranged from 0.62 to 0.79. The final Pain Standard Evaluation Questionnaire (SEQ Pain) included 28 items and the pain manikin and accounted for the multidimensionality of pain by assessing pain location and intensity, pain during activity, triggers and time of onset of pain and frequency of pain medication. It was found to be reliable and valid for the assessment of pain in population-based observational studies.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology > Centre of Competence for Psychosomatic Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute for Evaluative Research into Orthopaedic Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Orthopaedic, Plastic and Hand Surgery (DOPH) > Clinic of Orthopaedic Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM)

UniBE Contributor:

Tänzler, Kristina; Bürger, Alexandra; Staub, Lukas; Röder, Christoph; Jüni, Peter and Trelle, Sven

ISSN:

0304-3959

ISBN:

17707588

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:53

Last Modified:

13 Aug 2015 18:28

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.pain.2007.06.014

PubMed ID:

17707588

Web of Science ID:

000255821900011

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.22652

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/22652 (FactScience: 35728)

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