Snoring in preschool children: prevalence, severity and risk factors

Kuehni, C E; Strippoli, M-P F; Chauliac, E S; Silverman, M (2008). Snoring in preschool children: prevalence, severity and risk factors. European respiratory journal, 31(2), pp. 326-333. Sheffield, UK: European Respiratory Society 10.1183/09031936.00088407

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Epidemiological data on snoring from preschool children are scarce, although habitual snoring (snoring on almost all nights) has been associated with poor long-term outcomes. In a population survey of 6,811 children aged 1-4 yrs (from Leicestershire, UK) the present authors determined prevalence, severity and risk factors for snoring, especially habitual snoring. In 59.7% of the children, parents reported snoring in the previous 12 months, including 7.9% with habitual snoring and 0.9% with habitual snoring and sleep disturbance. Prevalence of habitual snoring increased with age from 6.6% in 1-yr-olds to 13.0% in 4-yr-olds. Habitual snoring was associated with: one and both parents smoking (adjusted odds ratio (OR) 1.46 and 2.09, respectively); road traffic (OR 1.23); single parent (OR 1.60); and in White but not South Asian children, socioeconomic deprivation (OR 1.25 and 2.03 for middle and upper thirds of Townsend score, respectively). Respiratory tract symptoms related to atopic disorders and to respiratory infections were strongly associated with snoring; however, body mass index was not. In conclusion, habitual snoring is common in preschool children with one-third of cases attributable to avoidable risk factors. The strong association with atopic disorders, viral infections and environmental exposures suggests a complex aetiology, based on a general vulnerability of the respiratory tract.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Kühni, Claudia; Strippoli, Marie-Pierre and Chauliac, Emmanuelle

ISSN:

0903-1936

ISBN:

18032441

Publisher:

European Respiratory Society

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:53

Last Modified:

29 Jul 2015 23:36

Publisher DOI:

10.1183/09031936.00088407

PubMed ID:

18032441

Web of Science ID:

000253038400017

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.22660

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/22660 (FactScience: 35748)

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