Innovative chemotherapeutical treatment options for alveolar and cystic echinococcosis

Hemphill, Andrew; Spicher, Martin; Lundström-Stadelmann, Britta; Müller, Joachim; Naguleswaran, Arunasalam; Gottstein, Bruno; Walker, M (2007). Innovative chemotherapeutical treatment options for alveolar and cystic echinococcosis. Parasitology, 134(Pt 12), pp. 1657-70. London: Cambridge University Press 10.1017/S0031182007003198

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Echinococcus granulosus and Echinococcus multilocularis are cestode parasites, of which the metacestode (larval) stages cause the diseases cystic echinococcosis (CE) and alveolar echinococcosis (AE), respectively. Albendazole and mebendazole are presently used for chemotherapeutical treatment. However, these benzimidazoles do not appear to be parasiticidal in vivo against AE. In addition, failures in drug treatments as well as the occurrence of side-effects have been reported. New drugs are needed to cure AE and CE, which are considered to be neglected diseases. Strategies currently being implemented to identify novel chemotherapeutical treatment options include (i) conventional primary in vitro testing of broad-spectrum anti-infective drugs, either in parallel with, or followed by, animal experimentation; (ii) studies of drugs which interfere with the proliferation of cancer cells and of Echinococcus metacestodes; (iii) exploitation of the similarities between the parasite and mammalian signalling machineries, with a special focus on targeting specific signalling receptors; (iv) in silico approaches, employing the current Echinococcus genomic database information to search for suitable targets for compounds with known modes of action. In the present article, we review the efforts toward obtaining better anti-parasitic compounds which have been undertaken to improve chemotherapeutical treatment of echinococcosis, and summarize the achievements in the field of host-parasite interactions which may also lead to new immuno-therapeutical options.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


05 Veterinary Medicine > Research Foci > Host-Pathogen Interaction
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP) > Institute of Parasitology
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP)

UniBE Contributor:

Hemphill, Andrew; Spicher, Martin; Lundström Stadelmann, Britta; Müller, Joachim; Naguleswaran, Arunasalam and Gottstein, Bruno


600 Technology > 630 Agriculture




Cambridge University Press




Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:53

Last Modified:

22 Oct 2019 19:31

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URI: (FactScience: 36360)

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