[A descriptive epidemiological study on canine babesiosis in the Lake Geneva region]

Porchet, M J; Sager, H; Muggli, L; Oppliger, A; Müller, Norbert; Frey, Caroline; Gottstein, Bruno (2007). [A descriptive epidemiological study on canine babesiosis in the Lake Geneva region]. Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde, 149(10), pp. 457-65. Bern: Huber 10.1024/0036-7281.149.10.457

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A descriptive study was carried out in the district of the Lake Geneva between March 1, 2005 and August 31,2006 to assess the incidence and prevalence of canine babesiosis, to genotype the Babesia species occurring, to assess the most frequently clinical signs found and to address the potential of autochthonous transmission. This included a data assessment on the different tick-populations occurring in the area and on the prevalence of Babesia-DNA in these ticks. A total of 56 veterinary practices participated in the study. By blood smear and PCR, Babesia canis canis was found in 12 out of 21 cases with suspected babesiosis. In an additional 13th case, the parasite could only be detected by PCR. All autochthonous cases originated from the Western part of the Lake Geneva region. Clinical signs in affected dogs included inappetence, apathy, anemia, fever, hemoglobinuria and thrombocytopenia. There were no risk factors with regard to age, sex and breed. Most cases were diagnosed during the spring periods of 2005 and 2006 (11 cases) and two cases in autumn 2005, coinciding with the main activity period of Dermacentor reticulatus, the main vector of B. canis canis. A total of 495 ticks were collected on patients by the veterinarians, 473 were identified as Ixodes sp., 7 as Rhipicephalus sanguineus and 15 as Dermacentor reticulatus. While Ixodes sp. was found in the whole study area, D. reticulatus and R. sanguineus occurred only in the Western part till Lausanne. PCR and sequencing yielded B. canis canis positivity in 3 D. reticulatus specimen, these three ticks were collected from two different dogs both suffering from babesiosis. All R. sanguineus were negative by Babesia-PCR. Global warming, ecological changes in the potential habitat of ticks, increasing host- and vector-populations and increasing mobility of dog owners may be responsible for an emergence situation of infection risk for Babesia spp. by time. E.g., Dermacentor reticulatus has become autochtonously prevalent already till Lausanne in the Lake Geneva region, and further surveillance is suggested to tackle this problem.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP) > Institute of Parasitology

UniBE Contributor:

Sager, Heinz; Muggli, Laura; Oppliger, Alexa; Müller, Norbert; Frey, Caroline and Gottstein, Bruno

Subjects:

600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

0036-7281

Publisher:

Huber

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:54

Last Modified:

25 Jan 2016 15:39

Publisher DOI:

10.1024/0036-7281.149.10.457

PubMed ID:

17983018

Web of Science ID:

000250418500005

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/22752 (FactScience: 36422)

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