Hepatitis C in a sample of pregnant women in Switzerland: seroprevalence and socio-demographic factors

Prasad, L R; Massery Spicher, V; Kammerlander, R; Zwahlen, Marcel (2007). Hepatitis C in a sample of pregnant women in Switzerland: seroprevalence and socio-demographic factors. Swiss medical weekly, 137(1-2), pp. 27-32. Muttenz: EMH Schweizerischer Ärzteverlag

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

PRINCIPLES: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of hepatitis C (HCV) infection in a sample of pregnant women living in Switzerland in 1990-1991, in order to complement existing data in various populations. METHODS: Blood samples were collected from women from consecutive births in obstetric wards in public hospitals of 23 Swiss cantons over a one-year period. They were tested, among other things, for the presence of hepatitis C virus antibodies (anti-HCV). Statistical analyses were done to explore the association of demographic variables with anti-HCV. RESULTS: The study included a total of 9,057 women of whom 64 tested positive for anti-HCV, resulting in a crude prevalence of 0.71%. Prevalence varied by age and was highest in the 25-29-year age-group (0.90%). 43/5,685 Swiss women were HCV seropositive (0.76%) compared with 21/3,372 non-Swiss women (0.62%). Stratified analysis showed a significant association between anti-HCV and anti-HBc antibody positivity in Swiss (adjusted OR [aOR] 23, 95% CI 12-43) and non-Swiss nationals (aOR 3.3, 95% CI 1.3-8.3). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of anti-HCV antibodies in the early 1990s was <1% in this sample of pregnant women in Switzerland and was associated with age, nationality and the presence of anti-HBc antibodies, a marker of exposure to hepatitis B virus. These results are in accordance with those from other published European studies. If an effective intervention to prevent vertical transmission becomes available, information on the current prevalence of HCV in pregnant women would be needed in order to assess how screening recommendations should be modified.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM)

UniBE Contributor:

Prasad, Leonie and Zwahlen, Marcel

ISSN:

1424-7860

ISBN:

17299665

Publisher:

EMH Schweizerischer Ärzteverlag

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:54

Last Modified:

06 Dec 2013 13:46

PubMed ID:

17299665

Web of Science ID:

000243918100004

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/22774 (FactScience: 36552)

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback