A systematic review of the 5-year survival and complication rates of implant-supported single crowns

Jung, Ronald E; Pjetursson, Bjarni E; Glauser, Roland; Zembic, Anja; Zwahlen, Marcel; Lang, Niklaus P (2008). A systematic review of the 5-year survival and complication rates of implant-supported single crowns. Clinical oral implants research, 19(2), pp. 119-30. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell 10.1111/j.1600-0501.2007.01453.x

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OBJECTIVES: The objective of this systematic review was to assess the 5-year survival of implant-supported single crowns (SCs) and to describe the incidence of biological and technical complications. METHODS: An electronic MEDLINE search complemented by manual searching was conducted to identify prospective and retrospective cohort studies on SCs with a mean follow-up time of at least 5 years. Failure and complication rates were analyzed using random-effects Poisson's regression models to obtain summary estimates of 5-year proportions. RESULTS: Twenty-six studies from an initial yield of 3601 titles were finally selected and data were extracted. In a meta-analysis of these studies, survival of implants supporting SCs was 96.8% [95% confidence interval (CI): 95.9-97.6%] after 5 years. The survival rate of SCs supported by implants was 94.5% (95% CI: 92.5-95.9%) after 5 years of function. The survival rate of metal-ceramic crowns, 95.4% (95% CI: 93.6-96.7%), was significantly (P=0.005) higher than the survival rate, 91.2% (95% CI: 86.8-94.2%), of all-ceramic crowns. Peri-implantitis and soft tissue complications occurred adjacent to 9.7% of the SCs and 6.3% of the implants had bone loss exceeding 2 mm over the 5-year observation period. The cumulative incidence of implant fractures after 5 years was 0.14%. After 5 years, the cumulative incidence of screw or abutment loosening was 12.7% and 0.35% for screw or abutment fracture. For supra-structure-related complications, the cumulative incidence of ceramic or veneer fractures was 4.5%. CONCLUSION: It can be concluded that after an observation period of 5 years, high survival rates for implants and implant-supported SCs can be expected. However, biological and particularly technical complications are frequent.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Periodontology

UniBE Contributor:

Zwahlen, Marcel and Lang, Niklaus Peter

ISSN:

0905-7161

Publisher:

Wiley-Blackwell

Language:

English

Submitter:

Eveline Carmen Schuler

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:54

Last Modified:

25 Jan 2017 12:16

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/j.1600-0501.2007.01453.x

PubMed ID:

18067597

Web of Science ID:

000252120000001

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.22791

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/22791 (FactScience: 36605)

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