Mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalomyopathy in three siblings: clinical, genetic and neuroradiological features

Schüpbach, W; Vadday, K; Schaller, A; Brekenfeld, C; Kappeler, L; Benoist, JF; Xuan-Huong, C; Burgunder, J; Seibold, F; Gallati, S; Mattle, H (2007). Mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalomyopathy in three siblings: clinical, genetic and neuroradiological features. Journal of neurology, 254(2), pp. 146-53. Heidelberg: Steinkopff-Verlag; www.steinkopff.springer.de 10.1007/s00415-006-0255-3

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Mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalomyopathy (MNGIE) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder in which a nuclear mutation of the thymidine phosphorylase (TP) gene causes mitochondrial genomic dysfunction. Patients suffer from gastrointestinal dysmotility, cachexia, ptosis, external ophthalmoparesis, myopathy and polyneuropathy. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) shows leukoencephalopathy. We describe clinical, genetic and neuroradiological features of three brothers affected with MNGIE. Clinical examination, laboratory analyses, MRI and magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) of the brain, and genetic analysis have been performed in all six members of the family with the three patients with MNGIE. Two of them are monozygous twins. They all suffered from gastrointestinal dysmotility, cachexia, ophthalmoplegia, muscular atrophies, and polyneuropathy. Urinary thymidine was elevated in the patients related to the severity of clinical disease, and urinary thymidine (normally not detectable) was also found in a heterozygous carrier. Brain MRI showed leukoencephalopathy in all patients; however, their cognitive functioning was normal. Brain MRS demonstrated reduced N-acetylaspartate and choline in severely affected areas. MRI of heterozygous carriers was normal. A new mutation (T92N) in the TP gene was identified. Urinary thymidine is for the first time reported to be detectable in a heterozygous carrier. MRS findings indicate loss of neurons, axons, and glial cells in patients with MNGIE, but not in heterozygous carriers.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Further Contribution)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gastro-intestinal, Liver and Lung Disorders (DMLL) > Clinic of Visceral Surgery and Medicine > Gastroenterology

UniBE Contributor:

Schaller, André; Burgunder, Jean-Marc; Seibold, Frank Werner; Gallati, Sabina and Mattle, Heinrich

ISSN:

0340-5354

Publisher:

Steinkopff-Verlag; www.steinkopff.springer.de

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:54

Last Modified:

26 Jun 2018 15:07

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00415-006-0255-3

PubMed ID:

17294068

Web of Science ID:

000244713700002

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.22841

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/22841 (FactScience: 37282)

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