[Measures for allogeneic blood conservation in surgery]

Mansouri Taleghani, B; Grossmann, R; Reith, HB; Wiebecke, D; Thiede, A (2000). [Measures for allogeneic blood conservation in surgery]. Zentralblatt für Chirurgie, 125(2), pp. 111-22. Stuttgart: Thieme

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The aim of all efforts to reduce the need of allogeneic blood transfusions is to avoid associated risks. There should particularly be a favourable effect according to the rate of transfusion-transmitted virus infections and immunological side-effects. The acceptance of an individually adjusted lowest haematocrit level and the minimisation of intra-operative blood loss by the application of optimal surgical techniques are among the most essential strategies to reduce or even avoid allogeneic blood transfusions. In addition the following interventions are generally accepted: Preoperative autologous blood donation, where appropriate supported by erythropoietin Preoperative haemodilution, where appropriate supported by erythropoietin Intra- and postoperative blood salvage Topical or systemic pharmacologic interventions to accelerate haemostasis Controlled hypotension Efficacy and indication of the different measures always depend on the individual circumstances of the specific patient. Therefore one should develop an individual approach for every case. In this context the most important subjects are an optimal coordination and if required an appropriate combination of the discussed methods. Algorithms which preoperatively allow approximate calculation of expected transfusion need may be a meaningful tool to facilitate blood conservation planning. However, at the same time one must consider that all strategies to reduce allogeneic transfusion needs are also associated with particular risks. Therefore one has to weigh carefully the pros and cons prior to their application, including the possible alternative of allogeneic transfusion in one's decision making process.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Further Contribution)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Haematology and Central Haematological Laboratory

UniBE Contributor:

Mansouri Taleghani, Behrouz










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Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:54

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:15

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https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/22904 (FactScience: 37627)

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