Rapid determination of gemcitabine in plasma and serum using reversed-phase HPLC

Lanz, Christian; Früh, Martin; Thormann, Wolfgang; Cerny, Thomas; Lauterburg, Bernhard H (2007). Rapid determination of gemcitabine in plasma and serum using reversed-phase HPLC. Journal of separation science, 30(12), pp. 1811-20. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH 10.1002/jssc.200600534

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Gemcitabine (2'2'-difluorodeoxycytidine) is a pyrimidine analog used in the treatment of a variety of solid tumors. After intravenous (i.v.) administration, it is rapidly inactivated to 2'-deoxy-2',2'-difluorouridine (dFdU). A sensitive analytical method for the quantitation of gemcitabine is required for the assessment of alternative dosage and treatment schemes. A rapid and robust RP-HPLC assay for analysis of gemcitabine in human and animal plasma and serum was developed and validated using 2'-deoxyuridine (dU) and 5-fluoro-2'-deoxyuridine (5FdU) as internal standards. It is based on protein precipitation, the use of an Atlantis dC18 column of 100 mm length (inner diameter, 4.6 mm; particle size, 3 microm) and isocratic elution using a 10 mM phosphate buffer, pH 3.0, followed by isocratic elution with the same buffer containing 3% of ACN. For gemcitabine, RSD values for intraday and interday precision were < 4.4 and 5.3%, respectively, the LOQ was 20 ng/mL, and the assay was linear in the range of 0.020-20 microg/mL with an accuracy of > or =89%. The recovery for gemcitabine, dU and 5FdU was 86-98%. The assay was applied to determine gemcitabine levels in plasma samples of patients collected during and shortly after conventional infusion of 25-30 mg/kg body mass (levels: 2.0-18.9 microg/mL) and rats that received lower doses (1.5 mg/kg) via i.v., subcutaneous and oral drug administration (levels: 0.20-2.60 microg/mL). It could also be applied to estimate dFdU levels in human plasma.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Clinical Pharmacology and Visceral Research [discontinued]

UniBE Contributor:

Thormann, Wolfgang and Lauterburg, Bernhard










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Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:54

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:15

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https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/22921 (FactScience: 37743)

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