[Prevalence of hereditary diseases in three-year-old Swiss Warmblood horses]

Mele, M; Gerber, V; Studer, S; Straub, R; Brehm, W; Gaillard, C; Lüth, A; Burger, D (2007). [Prevalence of hereditary diseases in three-year-old Swiss Warmblood horses]. Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde, 149(4), pp. 161-71. Bern: Huber 10.1024/0036-7281.149.4.161

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The objective of this study was to investigate clinical signs indicating hereditary diseases like equine sarcoid, osteochondrosis (OC) and the idiopathic laryngeal hemiplegia (ILH), and to demonstrate relationships between environment, feeding habits and conformation ("exterieur" evaluation) of the horses. For this purpose, we analyzed veterinary examinations of 403 stallions at the approvals since 1994 examined 493 three-year-old Swiss Warmblood horses, which were shown at the Swiss-Field-Tests in 2005.With the help of the owners a questionnaire on health, environment and feeding habits of the animals was completed. At the same time, the horses were assessed and graded for their "exterieur" (type, conformation, gaits) by judges of the Swiss Sporthorse breeding association. In 11.5% of horses sarcoids were found, 8.7% showed one and 2.8% several tumors.The prevalence of sarcoids in offspring of sires with known sarcoids was not significantly higher than in descendants from stallions without a known history of sarcoids. We found distended joints as a possible symptom of OC in 11.4% of the horses, 3.9% (n = 19) in both tarsal joints.We did not find a relationship between enlarged joints in the offspring and the presence of OC in the sires. Abnormal respiratory noise at work, as a possible sign for ILH, was heard only in 1.2% (n = 6). It is important to note that while we found a high number of sarcoid affected horses compared to other studies, presence of enlarged joints was not very frequent and very few horses showed abnormal respiratory noise. Additionally, we found no correlation between "exterieur" marks and the horse's general health.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > Equine Clinic
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Institute of Genetics

UniBE Contributor:

Mele, Mirjam; Gerber, Vinzenz; Studer, Simone; Straub, Reto; Brehm, Walter and Gaillard, Claude








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Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:54

Last Modified:

21 Jan 2014 15:05

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https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/22952 (FactScience: 37972)

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