Sodium retention and ascites formation in a cholestatic mice model: role of aldosterone and mineralocorticoid receptor?

Ackermann, Daniel; Mordasini, David; Cheval, Lydie; Imbert-Teboul, Martine; Vogt, Bruno; Doucet, Alain (2007). Sodium retention and ascites formation in a cholestatic mice model: role of aldosterone and mineralocorticoid receptor? Hepatology, 46(1), pp. 173-9. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley Interscience 10.1002/hep.21699

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Renal sodium retention in experimental liver cirrhosis originates from the distal nephron sensitive to aldosterone. The aims of this study were to (1) determine the exact site of sodium retention along the aldosterone-sensitive distal nephron, and (2) to evaluate the role of aldosterone and mineralocorticoid receptor activation in this process. Liver cirrhosis was induced by bile duct ligation in either adrenal-intact or corticosteroid-clamped mice. Corticosteroid-clamp was achieved through adrenalectomy and corticosteroid supplementation with aldosterone and dexamethasone via osmotic minipumps. 24-hours renal sodium balance was evaluated in metabolic cages. Activity and expression of sodium- and potassium-dependent adenosine triphosphatase were determined in microdissected segments of nephron. Within 4-5 weeks, cirrhosis induced sodium retention in adrenal-intact mice and formation of ascites in 50% of mice. At that time, sodium- and potassium-dependent adenosine triphosphatase activity increased specifically in cortical collecting ducts. Hyperaldosteronemia was indicated by increases in urinary aldosterone excretion and in sgk1 (serum- and glucocorticoid-regulated kinase 1) mRNA expression in collecting ducts. Corticosteroid-clamp prevented induction of sgk1 but not cirrhosis-induced sodium retention, formation of ascites and stimulation of sodium- and potassium-dependent adenosine triphosphatase activity and expression (mRNA and protein) in collecting duct. These findings demonstrate that sodium retention in cirrhosis is independent of hyperaldosteronemia and of the activation of mineralocorticoid receptor. CONCLUSION: Bile duct ligation in mice induces cirrhosis which, within 4-5 weeks, leads to the induction of sodium- and potassium-dependent adenosine triphosphatase in cortical collecting ducts, to renal sodium retention and to the formation of ascites. Sodium retention, ascites formation and induction of sodium- and potassium-dependent adenosine triphosphatase are independent of the activation of mineralocorticoid receptors by either aldosterone or glucocorticoids.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Dermatology, Urology, Rheumatology, Nephrology, Osteoporosis (DURN) > Clinic of Nephrology and Hypertension

UniBE Contributor:

Ackermann, Daniel

ISSN:

0270-9139

ISBN:

17596887

Publisher:

Wiley Interscience

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:54

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:15

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/hep.21699

PubMed ID:

17596887

Web of Science ID:

000247637000023

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/23034 (FactScience: 38672)

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