Exercise capacity in athletes with mouthguards

von Arx, Thomas; Flury, Richard; Tschan, Jörg; Bürgin, Walter Bruno; Geiser, Thomas (2007). Exercise capacity in athletes with mouthguards. International journal of sports medicine, 29(5), pp. 435-438. Stuttgart: Thieme 10.1055/s-2007-965341

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The objective of this study was to determine the effect of wearing a mouthguard on maximal exercise capacity and cardiopulmonary parameters at peak workload, and to assess the athletes' attitudes toward wearing a mouthguard. Thirteen volunteer male athletes (18 to 27 years old) were interviewed before and after delivery of a custom-made laminated mouthguard. A visual analogue scale (VAS, 0 - 100 mm) was used for judgment of interference with breathing, speaking, concentration and athletic performance. In addition, the athletes were subjected to a cardiorespiratory examination on a cycle ergometer with and without mouthguards. Subjectively, the athletes rated the mean interference with performance to be 37 mm VAS at the beginning of the study. Mean scores of impairment decreased to 23 mm VAS (p = 0.081) after wearing the mouthguard for four weeks, and further improved to 12 mm VAS (p < 0.001) after the test on the cycle ergometer. Objectively, the maximum workload during spiroergometry was even slightly elevated during exercise with the mouthguard (330.2 W) compared to exercise without the mouthguard (314.5 W). Peak minute ventilation and oxygen uptake were not different during exercise with and without the mouthguard. The present study demonstrated that a custom-made mouthguard does not significantly affect or reduce maximum exercise performance of athletes.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gastro-intestinal, Liver and Lung Disorders (DMLL) > Clinic of Pneumology
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Preventive, Restorative and Pediatric Dentistry
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Oral Surgery and Stomatology

UniBE Contributor:

von Arx, Thomas; Tschan, Jörg; Bürgin, Walter Bruno and Geiser, Thomas


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health








Eveline Carmen Schuler

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:54

Last Modified:

25 Jan 2017 12:17

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Web of Science ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

spiroergometry; exercise capacity; mouthguard; athlete; breathing; performance




https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/23177 (FactScience: 40056)

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