Is alcohol ablation of the septum associated with recurrent tachyarrhythmias?

Streit, Sven; Walpoth, Nazan; Windecker, Stephan; Meier, Bernhard; Hess, Otto (2007). Is alcohol ablation of the septum associated with recurrent tachyarrhythmias? Swiss medical weekly, 137(47-48), pp. 660-8. Muttenz: EMH Schweizerischer Ärzteverlag

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QUESTIONS UNDER STUDY: Alcohol ablation (AA) of the septum has been introduced as new therapy in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). It was feared that iatrogenic myocardial infarction due to AA may induce re-entry tachyarrhythmias and increase sudden cardiac death. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-four patients (mean age 52 years) underwent successful AA. Clinical follow-up (FU) ranged from 0.3 to 0.7 years (mean 2.8). One patient died (suicide) 4 years after AA. Left ventricular (LV) outflow gradient (peak-to-peak) decreased (median) after AA from 43 (IQR 25 to 4) mmHg to 1 (IQR 0 to 12) mmHg (rest) (p <0.001) and from 130 (IQR 75 to 165) mmHg to 13 (IQR 0 to 31) mmHg (postextrasystolic) (p <0.001). Transient AV block occurred in 22% (5/24) necessitating temporary pacing. A permanent pacemaker was implanted in 4% (1/24). NYHA-class was 2.5 (IQR 2.0 to 3.0) before and 1.5 (IQR 1.3 to 2.0) (p <0.001) after AA. During FU, 2 pacemakers were implanted due to bradycardia (no AV block). A right bundle branch block was found in 13% (2/24) before and 46 % (11/24) after AA (p = 0.003). Non-sustained ventricular tachycardia (NSVT) was observed in 13% (2/16) before and 22% (5/23) (p = 0.46) after AA. Two patients required ICD implantation. CONCLUSIONS: Long-term FU is excellent in HCM after AA. The pressure gradient drops below 25 mm Hg in 95% (23/24) of all patients. Transient AV block occurs in 22% (5/24), but permanent pacemaker implantation is rarely needed (13%, 2/24). Severe NSVT occurs in 13% (2/16) before and 22% (5/23) after AA but ICD implantation is only occasionally required.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology

UniBE Contributor:

Windecker, Stephan; Meier, Bernhard and Hess, Otto






EMH Schweizerischer Ärzteverlag




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Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:55

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:16

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URI: (FactScience: 40690)

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