An EEG approach to the neurodevelopmental hypothesis of schizophrenia studying schizophrenics, normal controls and adolescents

Koukkou, M; Federspiel, A; Bräker, E; Hug, C; Kleinlogel, H; Merlo, MC; Lehmann, D (2000). An EEG approach to the neurodevelopmental hypothesis of schizophrenia studying schizophrenics, normal controls and adolescents. Journal of psychiatric research, 34(1), pp. 57-73. Amsterdam: Elsevier 10.1016/S0022-3956(99)00040-0

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Based on an integrative brain model which focuses on memory-driven and EEG state-dependent information processing for the organisation of behaviour, we used the developmental changes of the awake EEG to further investigate the hypothesis that neurodevelopmental abnormalities (deviations in organisation and reorganisation of cortico-cortical connectivity during development) are involved in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. First-episode, neuroleptic-naive schizophrenics and their matched controls and three age groups of normal adolescents were studied (total: 70 subjects). 19-channel EEG delta-theta, alpha and beta spectral band centroid frequencies during resting (baseline) and after verbal stimuli were used as measure of the level of attained complexity and momentary excitability of the neuronal network (working memory). Schizophrenics compared with all control groups showed lower delta-theta activity centroids and higher alpha and beta activity centroids. Reactivity centroids (centroid after stimulus minus centroid during resting) were used as measure of update of working memory. Schizophrenics showed partial similarities in delta-theta and beta reactivity centroids with the 11-year olds and in alpha reactivity centroids with the 13-year olds. Within the framework of our model, the results suggest multifactorially elicited imbalances in the level of excitability of neuronal networks in schizophrenia, resulting in network activation at dissociated complexity levels, partially regressed and partially prematurely developed. It is hypothesised that activation of age- and/or state-inadequate representations for coping with realities becomes manifest as productive schizophrenic symptoms. Thus, the results support some aspects of the neurodevelopmental hypothesis.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy > Psychiatric Neurophysiology [discontinued]

UniBE Contributor:

Federspiel, Andrea and Kleinlogel, Horst

ISSN:

0022-3956

ISBN:

10696833

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:55

Last Modified:

17 Mar 2015 22:01

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/S0022-3956(99)00040-0

PubMed ID:

10696833

Web of Science ID:

000085146800008

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/23324 (FactScience: 41297)

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