No temporal association between influenza outbreaks and invasive pneumococcal infections

Toschke, Andre Michael; Arenz, Stephan; von Kries, Rüdiger; Puppe, Wolfram; Weigl, Josef A I; Höhle, Michael; Heininger, Ulrich (2008). No temporal association between influenza outbreaks and invasive pneumococcal infections. Archives of disease in childhood, 93(3), pp. 218-20. London: BMJ Publishing Group 10.1136/adc.2006.098996

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OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the influenza peak in populations precedes the annual peak for invasive pneumococcal infections (IPI) in winter. DESIGN: Ecological study. Active surveillance data on influenza A and IPI in children up to 16 years of age collected from 1997 to 2003 were analysed. SETTING: Paediatric hospitals in Germany. Patients: Children under 16 years of age. RESULTS: In all years under study, the influenza A season did not appear to affect the IPI season (p = 0.49). Specifically, the influenza peak never preceded the IPI peak. CONCLUSION: On a population level there was no indication that the annual influenza epidemic triggered the winter increase in the IPI rate or the peak of the IPI distribution in children.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Arenz, Stephan






BMJ Publishing Group




Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:55

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:16

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URI: (FactScience: 41680)

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