Human adrenal corticocarcinoma NCI-H295R cells produce more androgens than NCI-H295A cells and differ in 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 and 17,20 lyase activities

Samandari, Elika; Kempná, Petra; Nuoffer, Jean-Marc; Hofer, Gaby; Mullis, Primus E; Flück, Christa E (2007). Human adrenal corticocarcinoma NCI-H295R cells produce more androgens than NCI-H295A cells and differ in 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 and 17,20 lyase activities. Journal of endocrinology, 195(3), pp. 459-72. Bristol: BioScientifica 10.1677/JOE-07-0166

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The human adrenal cortex produces mineralocorticoids, glucocorticoids, and androgens in a species-specific, hormonally regulated, zone-specific, and developmentally characteristic fashion. Most molecular studies of adrenal steroidogenesis use human adrenocortical NCI-H295A and NCI-H295R cells as a model because appropriate animal models do not exist. NCI-H295A and NCI-H295R cells originate from the same adrenocortical carcinoma which produced predominantly androgens but also smaller amounts of mineralocorticoids and glucocorticoids. Research data obtained from either NCI-H295A or NCI-H295R cells are generally compared, although for the same experiments no direct comparison between the two cell lines has been performed. Therefore, we compared the steroid profile and the expression pattern of important genes involved in steroidogenesis in both cell lines. We found that steroidogenesis differs profoundly. NCI-H295A cells produce more mineralocorticoids, whereas NCI-H295R cells produce more androgens. Expression of the 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (HSD3B2), cytochrome b5, and sulfonyltransferase genes is higher in NCI-H295A cells, whereas expression of the cytochrome P450c17 (CYP17), 21-hydroxylase (CYP21), and P450 oxidoreductase genes does not differ between the cell lines. We found lower 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 but higher 17,20-lyase activity in NCI-H295R cells explaining the 'androgenic' steroid profile for these cells and resembling the zona reticularis of the human adrenal cortex. Both cell lines were found to express the ACTH receptor at low levels consistent with low stimulation by ACTH. By contrast, both cell lines were readily stimulated by 8Br-cAMP. The angiotensin type 1 receptor was highly expressed in NCI-H295R than NCI-H295A cells and angiotensin II stimulated steroidogenesis in NCI-H295R but not NCI-H295A cells. Our data suggest that comparative studies between NCI-H295A and NCI-H295R cells may help find important regulators of mineralocorticoid or androgen biosynthesis.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Kempna, Petra; Nuoffer, Jean-Marc; Mullis, Primus-Eugen and Flück, Christa

ISSN:

0022-0795

ISBN:

18000308

Publisher:

BioScientifica

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:55

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:16

Publisher DOI:

10.1677/JOE-07-0166

PubMed ID:

18000308

Web of Science ID:

000252093700010

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/23416 (FactScience: 41753)

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