Non-invasive neurally adjusted ventilatory assist in rabbits with acute lung injury

Beck, Jennifer; Brander, Lukas; Slutsky, Arthur S; Reilly, Maureen C; Dunn, Michael S; Sinderby, Christer (2008). Non-invasive neurally adjusted ventilatory assist in rabbits with acute lung injury. Intensive care medicine, 34(2), pp. 316-23. Berlin: Springer 10.1007/s00134-007-0882-x

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OBJECTIVE: Neurally adjusted ventilatory assist uses the electrical activity of the diaphragm (EAdi)-a pneumatically-independent signal-to control the timing and pressure of the ventilation delivered, and should not be affected by leaks. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether NAVA can deliver assist in synchrony and proportionally to EAdi after extubation, with a leaky non-invasive interface. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective, controlled experimental study in an animal laboratory. ANIMALS: Ten rabbits, anesthetized, mechanically ventilated. INTERVENTIONS: Following lung injury, the following was performed in sequential order: (1) NAVA delivered via oral endotracheal tube with PEEP; (2) same as (1) without PEEP; (3) non-invasive NAVA at unchanged NAVA level and no PEEP via a single nasal prong; (4) no assist; (5) non-invasive NAVA at progressively increasing NAVA levels. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: EAdi, esophageal pressure, blood gases and hemodynamics were measured during each condition. For the same NAVA level, the mean delivered pressure above PEEP increased from 3.9[Symbol: see text]+/-[Symbol: see text]1.4[Symbol: see text]cmH(2)O (intubated) to 7.5[Symbol: see text]+/-[Symbol: see text]3.8[Symbol: see text]cmH(2)O (non-invasive) (p[Symbol: see text]<[Symbol: see text]0.05) because of increased EAdi. No changes were observed in PaO(2) and PaCO(2). Increasing the NAVA level fourfold during non-invasive NAVA restored EAdi and esophageal pressure swings to pre-extubation levels. Triggering (106[Symbol: see text]+/-[Symbol: see text]20[Symbol: see text]ms) and cycling-off delays (40[Symbol: see text]+/-[Symbol: see text]21[Symbol: see text]ms) during intubation were minimal and not worsened by the leak (95[Symbol: see text]+/-[Symbol: see text]13[Symbol: see text]ms and 33[Symbol: see text]+/-[Symbol: see text]9[Symbol: see text]ms, respectively). CONCLUSION: NAVA can be effective in delivering non-invasive ventilation even when the interface with the patient is excessively leaky, and can unload the respiratory muscles while maintaining synchrony with the subject's demand.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Intensive Care, Emergency Medicine and Anaesthesiology (DINA) > Clinic of Intensive Care

UniBE Contributor:

Brander, Lukas

ISSN:

0342-4642

ISBN:

17960364

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:55

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:16

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00134-007-0882-x

PubMed ID:

17960364

Web of Science ID:

000252920100015

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/23568 (FactScience: 42522)

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