Accuracy considerations in navigated cup placement for total hip arthroplasty

Langlotz, U; Grützner, P A; Bernsmann, K; Kowal, J H; Tannast, M; Caversaccio, M; Nolte, L-P (2007). Accuracy considerations in navigated cup placement for total hip arthroplasty. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H - journal of engineering in medicine, 221(7), pp. 739-53. London: Institution of Mechanical Engineers 10.1243/09544119JEIM280

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Computer assisted orthopaedic surgery (CAOS) technology has recently been introduced to overcome problems resulting from acetabular component malpositioning in total hip arthroplasty. Available navigation modules can conceptually be categorized as computer tomography (CT) based, fluoroscopy based, or image-free. The current study presents a comprehensive accuracy analysis on the computer assisted placement accuracy of acetabular cups. It combines analyses using mathematical approaches, in vitro testing environments, and an in vivo clinical trial. A hybrid navigation approach combining image-free with fluoroscopic technology was chosen as the best compromise to CT-based systems. It introduces pointer-based digitization for easily assessable points and bi-planar fluoroscopy for deep-seated landmarks. From the in vitro data maximum deviations were found to be 3.6 degrees for inclination and 3.8 degrees for anteversion relative to a pre-defined test position. The maximum difference between intraoperatively calculated cup inclination and anteversion with the postoperatively measured position was 4 degrees and 5 degrees, respectively. These data coincide with worst cases scenario predictions applying a statistical simulation model. The proper use of navigation technology can reduce variability of cup placement well within the surgical safe zone. Surgeons have to concentrate on a variety of error sources during the procedure, which may explain the reported strong learning curves for CAOS technologies.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute for Surgical Technology & Biomechanics ISTB
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Orthopaedic, Plastic and Hand Surgery (DOPH) > Clinic of Orthopaedic Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders (ENT)

UniBE Contributor:

Kowal, Horst Jens; Tannast, Moritz; Caversaccio, Marco and Nolte, Lutz-Peter

ISSN:

0954-4119

ISBN:

18019461

Publisher:

Institution of Mechanical Engineers

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:55

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:16

Publisher DOI:

10.1243/09544119JEIM280

PubMed ID:

18019461

Web of Science ID:

000250610000005

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/23627 (FactScience: 42956)

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