Factor XIII activation peptide is released into plasma upon cleavage by thrombin and shows a different structure compared to its bound form

Schroeder, Verena; Vuissoz, Jean-Marc; Caflisch, Amedeo; Kohler, Hans P (2007). Factor XIII activation peptide is released into plasma upon cleavage by thrombin and shows a different structure compared to its bound form. Thrombosis and haemostasis, 97(6), pp. 890-898. Stuttgart: Schattauer 10.1160/TH06-08-0458

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The first step of coagulation factor XIII (FXIII) activation involves cleavage of the FXIII activation peptide (FXIII-AP) by thrombin. However, it is not known whether the FXIII-AP is released into plasma upon cleavage or remains attached to activated FXIII. The aim of the present work was to study the structure of free FXIII-AP, develop an assay for FXIII-AP determination in human plasma, and to answer the question whether FXIII-AP is released into plasma. We used ab-initio modeling and molecular dynamics simulations to study the structure of free FXIII-AP. We raised monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies against FXIII-AP and developed a highly sensitive and specific ELISA method for direct detection of FXIII-AP in human plasma. Structural analysis showed a putative different conformation of the free FXIII-AP compared to FXIII-AP bound to the FXIII protein. We concluded that it might be feasible to develop specific antibodies against the free FXIII-AP. Using our new FXIII-AP ELISA, we found high levels of FXIII-AP in in-vitro activated plasma samples and serum. We showed for the first time that FXIIIAP is detached from activated FXIII and is released into plasma, where it can be directly measured. Our findings may be of major clinical interest in regard to a possible new marker in thrombotic disease.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > Unit Childrens Hospital > Thromboselabor Kinderklinik [discontinued]

UniBE Contributor:

Schröder, Verena and Kohler, Hans-Peter

ISSN:

0340-6245

ISBN:

17549290

Publisher:

Schattauer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:56

Last Modified:

07 Jan 2020 13:26

Publisher DOI:

10.1160/TH06-08-0458

PubMed ID:

17549290

Web of Science ID:

000247309000004

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/24064 (FactScience: 46619)

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