Sensitivity of osteoblasts, fibroblasts, bone marrow cells, and dendritic cells to 5-aminolevulinic acid based photodynamic therapy

Egli, Rainer J; Schober, Martin; Hempfing, Axel; Ganz, Reinhold; Hofstetter, Willy; Leunig, Michael (2007). Sensitivity of osteoblasts, fibroblasts, bone marrow cells, and dendritic cells to 5-aminolevulinic acid based photodynamic therapy. Journal of photochemistry and photobiology. B - biology, 89(2-3), pp. 70-7. Amsterdam: Elsevier 10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2007.09.005

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

INTRODUCTION: Photodynamic therapy with 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA-PDT) exerts cell type specific effects on target cells. Since chondrocytes were found to be more resistant than osteoblasts to 5-ALA-PDT, the pre-treatment of osteochondral grafts with 5-ALA-PDT may represent a means to devitalize the osseous portion while maintaining functional cartilage. The present study was designed to determine the effects of 5-ALA-PDT in vitro on cell populations residing in skeletal tissues. METHODS: Osteoblasts, fibroblasts, bone marrow cells, and dendritic cells were incubated with 0.5 mM 5-ALA for 4 h. Protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) accumulation and after exposure to light cellular functions were assessed for up to 6 days. RESULTS: Accumulation of PpIX reached a plateau at 0.5 mM in osteoblasts, fibroblasts, and dendritic cells, and at 2.0 mM in bone marrow cells. At 0.5 mM 5-ALA, similar responses to illumination were observed in all cells with a survival rate of less than 12% at a light dose of 20 J/cm(2). The function of osteoblasts (proliferation, levels of mRNA encoding collagen type I, alkaline phosphatase activity) and fibroblasts (proliferation, levels of mRNAs encoding collagens type I and III) was not affected, when the cells were treated with 5-ALA and light doses of < or =10 J/cm(2). Paralleling the reduction of viable cells after 5-ALA-PDT, the capacity of dendritic cells to stimulate T cells in a mixed leukocyte reaction decreased to 4+/-2% at 20 J/cm(2). CONCLUSION: The investigated cell types were sensitive to 5-ALA-PDT and the residual cell debris did not elicit an allogenic response. These findings, together with the resistance of chondrocytes to 5-ALA-PDT, encourage the further investigation of this protocol in the pretreatment of osteochondral allografts.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Orthopaedic, Plastic and Hand Surgery (DOPH) > Clinic of Orthopaedic Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Knochenbiologie & Orthopädische Forschung
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Knochenbiologie & Orthopädische Forschung

UniBE Contributor:

Schober, Martin and Hofstetter, Willy

ISSN:

1011-1344

ISBN:

17945503

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:56

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:16

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2007.09.005

PubMed ID:

17945503

Web of Science ID:

000251780100002

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/24065 (FactScience: 46621)

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback