Theoretical considerations to the verification of dynamic multileaf collimated fields with a SLIC-type portal image detector

Keller, H; Fix, MK; Liistro, L; Rüegsegger, P (2000). Theoretical considerations to the verification of dynamic multileaf collimated fields with a SLIC-type portal image detector. Physics in medicine and biology, 45(9), pp. 2531-45. Bristol: Institute of Physics Publishing IOP 10.1088/0031-9155/45/9/307

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The verification possibilities of dynamically collimated treatment beams with a scanning liquid ionization chamber electronic portal image device (SLIC-EPID) are investigated. The ion concentration in the liquid of a SLIC-EPID and therefore the read-out signal is determined by two parameters of a differential equation describing the creation and recombination of the ions. Due to the form of this equation, the portal image detector describes a nonlinear dynamic system with memory. In this work, the parameters of the differential equation were experimentally determined for the particular chamber in use and for an incident open 6 MV photon beam. The mathematical description of the ion concentration was then used to predict portal images of intensity-modulated photon beams produced by a dynamic delivery technique, the sliding window approach. Due to the nature of the differential equation, a mathematical condition for 'reliable leaf motion verification' in the sliding window technique can be formulated. It is shown that the time constants for both formation and decay of the equilibrium concentration in the chamber is in the order of seconds. In order to guarantee reliable leaf motion verification, these time constants impose a constraint on the rapidity of the image-read out for a given maximum leaf speed. For a leaf speed of 2 cm s(-1), a minimum image acquisition frequency of about 2 Hz is required. Current SLIC-EPID systems are usually too slow since they need about a second to acquire a portal image. However, if the condition is fulfilled, the memory property of the system can be used to reconstruct the leaf motion. It is shown that a simple edge detecting algorithm can be employed to determine the leaf positions. The method is also very robust against image noise.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Radiation Oncology > Medical Radiation Physics

UniBE Contributor:

Fix, Michael

ISSN:

0031-9155

ISBN:

11008954

Publisher:

Institute of Physics Publishing IOP

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:56

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:16

Publisher DOI:

10.1088/0031-9155/45/9/307

PubMed ID:

11008954

Web of Science ID:

000089438900011

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/24120 (FactScience: 47020)

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