Hypothetical mortality risk associated with spiral computed tomography of the maxilla and mandible

Dula, K; Mini, R; van der Stelt, PF; Lambrecht, JT; Schneeberger, P; Buser, D (1996). Hypothetical mortality risk associated with spiral computed tomography of the maxilla and mandible. European journal of oral sciences, 104(5-6), pp. 503-10. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell 10.1111/j.1600-0722.1996.tb00133.x

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In the present study, dose measurements have been conducted following examination of the maxilla and mandible with spiral computed tomography (CT). The measurements were carried out with 2 phantoms, a head and neck phantom and a full body phantom. The analysis of applied thermoluminescent dosimeters yielded radiation doses for organs and tissues in the head and neck region between 0.6 and 16.7 mGy when 40 axial slices and 120 kV/165 mAs were used as exposure parameters. The effective dose was calculated as 0.58 and 0.48 mSv in the maxilla and mandible, respectively. Tested methods for dose reduction showed a significant decrease of radiation dose from 40 to 65%. Based on these results, the mortality risk was estimated according to calculation models recommended by the Committee on the Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiations and by the International Commission on Radiological Protection. Both models resulted in similar values. The mortality risk ranges from 46.2 x 10.6 for 20-year-old men to 11.2 x 10(-6) for 65-year-old women. Using 2 methods of dose reduction, the mortality risk decreased by approximately 50 to 60% to 19.1 x 10(-6) for 20-year-old men and 5.5 x 10(-6) for 65-year-old women. It can be concluded that a CT scan of the maxillofacial complex causes a considerable radiation dose when compared with conventional radiographic examinations. Therefore, a careful indication for this imaging technique and dose reduction methods should be considered in daily practice.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Radiation Oncology > Medical Radiation Physics

UniBE Contributor:

Mini, Roberto

ISSN:

0909-8836

ISBN:

9021317

Publisher:

Wiley-Blackwell

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:56

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:16

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/j.1600-0722.1996.tb00133.x

PubMed ID:

9021317

Web of Science ID:

A1996WF06200003

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/24129 (FactScience: 47042)

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