Radioprotection of cultured cells by preincubation in medium containing deuterium oxide

Laeng, RH; Mini, RL; Laissue, JA; Schindler, R (1991). Radioprotection of cultured cells by preincubation in medium containing deuterium oxide. International journal of radiation biology, 59(1), pp. 165-73. London: Taylor & Francis 10.1080/09553009114550151

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Pretreatment with deuterium oxide (D2O) has been shown to protect mice against lethal effects of X-rays. In contrast, X-irradiation of cultured mammalian cells in D2O-containing medium has previously been reported to result in increased cell killing. Therefore, the effects of preincubation in medium containing 20% D2O on radiosensitivity were tested, using cells of a heat-sensitive cell-cycle mutant (21-Tb) of the murine mastocytoma P 815-X2. The mutant cells proliferate at 33 degrees C and are arrested in G1 phase in a state of reversible proliferative quiescence at 39.5 degrees C. Prior to irradiation with single X-ray doses of 0-10 Gy, the cells were cultured in normal or D2O-containing medium, either for 96 h at 33 degrees C ('proliferating cells'), or for 72 h at 33 degrees C followed by 24 h at 39.5 degrees C ('arrested cells'). After X-irradiation the cells were resuspended in normal medium, and cell survival was determined by the capacity of cells to form colonies in fibrin gels. Preincubation in medium containing 20% D2O resulted in a radioprotective effect on both proliferating and arrested cells, particularly at the higher X-ray doses. This radioprotection was manifested as a decreased slope of the semilogarithmic survival curves, whereas pretreatment with D2O had no significant effect on postirradiation repair as judged from Dq values. These results support the interpretation that the increase in postirradiation survival may be attributed to incorporation of deuterium into cellular metabolites during the period of preincubation.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Radiation Oncology > Medical Radiation Physics

UniBE Contributor:

Mini, Roberto

ISSN:

0955-3002

ISBN:

1671064

Publisher:

Taylor & Francis

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:56

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:16

Publisher DOI:

10.1080/09553009114550151

PubMed ID:

1671064

Web of Science ID:

A1991EV61500015

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/24133 (FactScience: 47050)

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