Cytotoxic steroidal saponins from the rhizomes of Tacca integrifolia

Shwe, Htay Htay; Aye, Mye; Sein, Myint Myint; Htay, Khin Than; Kreitmeier, Peter; Gertsch, Jürg; Reiser, Oliver; Heilmann, Jörg (2010). Cytotoxic steroidal saponins from the rhizomes of Tacca integrifolia. Chemistry & Biodiversity, 7(3), pp. 610-22. Zürich: Verlag Helvetica Chimica Acta

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Three new steroid saponins (3beta,25R)-spirost-5-en-3-yl 6-deoxy-alpha-L-mannopyranosyl-(1-->2)-[beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->4)-6-deoxy-alpha-L-mannopyranosyl-(1-->3)]-beta-D-glucopyranoside (1), (3beta,22R,25R)-26-(beta-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-22-hydroxyfurost-5-en-3-yl 6-deoxy-alpha-L-mannopyranosyl-(1-->2)-[6-deoxy-alpha-L-mannopyranosyl-(1-->3)]-beta-D-glucopyranoside (3), and (3beta,22R,25R)-26-(beta-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-22-hydroxyfurost-5-en-3-yl 6-deoxy-alpha-L-mannopyranosyl-(1-->2)-[beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->4)-6-deoxy-alpha-L-mannopyranosyl-(1-->3)]-beta-D-glucopyranoside (5), as well as the new pregnane glycoside (3beta,16beta)-3-{[6-deoxy-alpha-L-mannopyranosyl-(1-->2)-[6-deoxy-alpha-L-mannopyranosyl-(1-->3)]-beta-D-glucopyranosyl]oxy}-20-oxopregn-5-en-16-yl (4R)-5-(beta-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-4-methylpentanoate (6), were isolated from the rhizomes of Tacca integrifolia together with two known (25R) configurated steroid saponins (3beta,25R)-spirost-5-en-3-yl 6-deoxy-alpha-L-mannopyranosyl-(1-->2)-[6-deoxy-alpha-L-mannopyranosyl-(1-->3)]-beta-D-glucopyranoside (2) and (3beta,22R,25R)-26-(beta-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-22-methoxyfurost-5-en-3-yl 6-deoxy-alpha-L-mannopyranosyl-(1-->2)-[6-deoxy-alpha-L-mannopyranosyl-(1-->3)]-beta-D-glucopyranoside (4). The cytotoxic activity of the isolated compounds was evaluated in HeLa cells and showed the highest cytotoxicity value for compound 2 with an IC(50) of 1.2+/-0.4 muM. Intriguingly, while compounds 1-5 exhibited similar cytotoxic properties between 1.2+/-0.4 (2) and 4.0+/-0.6 muM (5), only compound 2 showed a significant microtubule-stabilizing activity in vitro.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Gertsch, Jürg

ISSN:

1612-1872

Publisher:

Verlag Helvetica Chimica Acta

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:12

Last Modified:

17 Dec 2015 15:31

PubMed ID:

20232323

Web of Science ID:

000276059600007

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/2442 (FactScience: 204941)

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