Risk factors for early catheter-related infections in cancer patients

Penel, Nicolas; Neu, Jean-Charles; Clisant, Stéphanie; Hoppe, Helga; Devos, Patrick; Yazdanpanah, Yazdan (2007). Risk factors for early catheter-related infections in cancer patients. Cancer, 110(7), pp. 1586-92. New York, N.Y.: John Wiley & Sons 10.1002/cncr.22942

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BACKGROUND: Early catheter-related infection is a serious complication in cancer treatment, although risk factors for its occurrence are not well established. The authors conducted a prospective study to identify the risk factors for developing early catheter-related infection. METHODS: All consecutive patients with cancer who underwent insertion of a central venous catheter were enrolled and were followed prospectively during 1 month. The study endpoint was occurrence of early catheter-related infection. RESULTS: Over 10,392 catheter-days of follow-up, 14 of 371 patients had early catheter-related infections (14 patients in 10,392 catheter-days or 1.34 per 1000 catheter-days). The causative pathogens were gram positive in 11 of 14 patients. In univariate analysis, the risk factors for early catheter-related infection were aged <10 years (P = .0001), difficulties during insertion (P < 10(-6)), blood product administration (P < 10(-3)), parenteral nutrition (P < 10(-4)), and use >2 days (P < 10(-6)). In multivariate analysis, 3 variables remained significantly associated with the risk of early catheter-related infection: age <10 years (odds ratio [OR], 18.4; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 1.9-106.7), difficulties during insertion procedure (OR, 25.6; 95% CI, 4.2-106), and parenteral nutrition (OR, 28.5; 95% CI, 4.2-200). CONCLUSIONS: On the day of insertion, 2 variables were identified that were associated with a high risk of developing an early catheter-related infection: young age and difficulties during insertion. The results from this study may be used to identify patients who are at high risk of infection who may be candidates for preventive strategies.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic, Interventional and Paediatric Radiology

UniBE Contributor:

Hoppe, Hanno

ISSN:

0008-543X

ISBN:

17685401

Publisher:

John Wiley & Sons

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:58

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:17

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/cncr.22942

PubMed ID:

17685401

Web of Science ID:

000249514300022

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/24982 (FactScience: 54368)

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