Abdominal multislice CT for obese patients: effect on image quality and radiation dose in a phantom study

Schindera, Sebastian T; Nelson, Rendon C; Lee, Ellie R; Delong, David M; Ngyen, Giao; Toncheva, Greta; Yoshizumi, Terry T (2007). Abdominal multislice CT for obese patients: effect on image quality and radiation dose in a phantom study. Academic radiology, 14(4), pp. 486-94. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier 10.1016/j.acra.2007.01.030

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RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of a modified abdominal multislice computed tomography (CT) protocol for obese patients on image quality and radiation dose. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An adult female anthropomorphic phantom was used to simulate obese patients by adding one or two 4-cm circumferential layers of fat-equivalent material to the abdominal portion. The phantom was scanned with a subcutaneous fat thickness of 0, 4, and 8 cm using the following parameters (detector configuration/beam pitch/table feed per rotation/gantry rotation time/kV/mA): standard protocol A: 16 x 0.625 mm/1.75/17.5 mm/0.5 seconds/140/380, and modified protocol B: 16 x 1.25 mm/1.375/27.5 mm/1.0 seconds/140/380. Radiation doses to six abdominal organs and the skin, image noise values, and contrast-to-noise ratios (CNRs) were analyzed. Statistical analysis included analysis of variance, Wilcoxon rank sum, and Student's t-test (P < .05). RESULTS: Applying the modified protocol B with one or two fat rings, the image noise decreased significantly (P < .05), and simultaneously, the CNR increased significantly compared with protocol A (P < .05). Organ doses significantly increased, up to 54.7%, comparing modified protocol B with one fat ring to the routine protocol A with no fat rings (P < .05). However, no significant change in organ dose was seen for protocol B with two fat rings compared with protocol A without fat rings (range -2.1% to 8.1%) (P > .05). CONCLUSIONS: Using a modified abdominal multislice CT protocol for obese patients with 8 cm or more of subcutaneous fat, image quality can be substantially improved without a significant increase in radiation dose to the abdominal organs.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic, Interventional and Paediatric Radiology

UniBE Contributor:

Schindera, Sebastian Tobias

ISSN:

1076-6332

ISBN:

17368219

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:58

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:17

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.acra.2007.01.030

PubMed ID:

17368219

Web of Science ID:

000245576800017

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/24992 (FactScience: 54388)

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