Theta burst transcranial magnetic stimulation is associated with increased EEG synchronization in the stimulated relative to unstimulated cerebral hemisphere

Schindler, Kaspar; Nyffeler, Thomas; Wiest, Roland; Hauf, Martinus; Mathis, Johannes; Hess, Ch W; Müri, René (2008). Theta burst transcranial magnetic stimulation is associated with increased EEG synchronization in the stimulated relative to unstimulated cerebral hemisphere. Neuroscience letters, 436(1), pp. 31-4. Amsterdam: Elsevier 10.1016/j.neulet.2008.02.052

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Theta burst transcranial magnetic stimulation (TBS) may induce behavioural changes that outlast the stimulation period. The neurophysiological basis of these behavioural changes are currently under investigation. Given the evidence that cortical information processing relies on transient synchronization and desynchronization of neuronal assemblies, we set out to test whether TBS is associated with changes of neuronal synchronization as assessed by surface EEG. In four healthy subjects one TBS train of 600 pulses (200 bursts, each burst consisting of 3 pulses at 30 Hz, repeated at intervals of 100 ms) was applied over the right frontal eye field and EEG synchronization was assessed in a time-resolved manner over 60 min by using a non-overlapping moving window. For each time step the linear cross-correlation matrix for six EEG channels of the right and for the six homotopic EEG channels of the left hemisphere were computed and their largest eigenvalues used to assess changes of synchronization. Synchronization was computed for broadband EEG and for the delta, theta, alpha, beta and gamma frequency bands. In all subjects EEG synchronization of the stimulated hemisphere was significantly and persistently increased relative to EEG synchronization of the unstimulated hemisphere. This effect occurred immediately after TBS for the theta, alpha, beta and gamma frequency bands and 10-20 min after TBS for broadband and delta frequency band EEG. Our results demonstrate that TBS is associated with increased neuronal synchronization of the cerebral hemisphere ipsilateral to the stimulation site relative to the unstimulated hemisphere. We speculate that enhanced synchronization interferes with cortical information processing and thus may be a neurophysiological correlate of the impaired behavioural performance detected previously.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology

UniBE Contributor:

Schindler, Kaspar Anton; Nyffeler, Thomas; Wiest, Roland; Hauf, Martinus and Mathis, Johannes

ISSN:

0304-3940

ISBN:

18355959

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:58

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:17

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.neulet.2008.02.052

PubMed ID:

18355959

Web of Science ID:

000255696400007

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/25111 (FactScience: 55387)

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