Caprine Arthritis Encephalitis Complex

Bertoni, Giuseppe (2007). Caprine Arthritis Encephalitis Complex. In: Tempesta, M (ed.) Recent Advances in Goat Diseases (A0902.0707). Ithaca N.Y. USA: International Veterinary Information Service

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The caprine arthritis encephalitis virus (CAEV) is a lentivirus that persistently infects goats and sheep. The finding thatCAEV and Maedi-Visna viruses frequently cross the species barrier between goats and sheep, and vice versa, has changedour view of the epidemiology of these viruses that are now referred to assmall ruminant lentiviruses (SRLV).CAEV is transmitted from infected mothers to their offspring, mainly via ingestion of infected colostrum and milk. Thispermits the implementation of control measures based on the segregation ofnewborn kids immediately after birth thatsuccessfully cut the seroprevalence in infected flocks, eliminating CAEV induced clinical disease. CAEV induces overtpathology in about one third of the infected animals. The frequency of affected animals varies in different goat families,pointing to an important genetic component in this disease. The principal manifestations areencephalitis and interstitialpneumonia in young animals,whereas arthritis and mastitispredominate in adult goats. The immunopathologicalmechanisms leading to diseaseare to date unclear and involve the principal components ofthe immune system, i.e., theprofessional antigen presenting cells, which are the principal target of CAEV, and whose activity, e.g., cytokine production,is modulated by the infection, and the B- and T-cell immune responses that are alsomanipulated by the virus.In vivo,infected animals usually have low viral loads, indicating that virus replication istightly restricted by mechanisms thatremain unclear. Finally, the complex biology of SRLV makes them a great challenge for diagnostic laboratories.In this brief review, the literature pertinent toall these aspects is summarized and discussed.

Item Type:

Book Section (Further Contribution)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP) > Institute of Virology and Immunology

UniBE Contributor:

Bertoni, Giuseppe

Subjects:

600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

Publisher:

International Veterinary Information Service

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:59

Last Modified:

04 Dec 2014 21:16

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.25340

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/25340 (FactScience: 58011)

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