Quality of life in stroke survivors after local intra-arterial thrombolysis

Fischer, Urs; Anca, Diana; Arnold, Marcel; Nedeltchev, Krassen; Kappeler, Liliane; Ballinari, Pietro; Schroth, Gerhard; Mattle, Heinrich P (2008). Quality of life in stroke survivors after local intra-arterial thrombolysis. Cerebrovascular diseases, 25(5), pp. 438-444. Basel: Karger 10.1159/000126917

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Background: We aimed to assess quality of life (QOL) and its predictors in stroke survivors after local intra-arterial thrombolysis (IAT) as well as to measure QOL according to the site of pretreatment vessel occlusion. Methods: From January 2000 to April 2004, 175 consecutive patients underwent IAT for acute ischemic stroke. Clinical and radiological data were collected prospectively. We contacted 135 stroke survivors after a mean of 923 (+/-431) days, 132 responded. QOL, assessed with EuroQol (EQ-5D), and functional abilities, measured with the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) and the Barthel Index, were compared, and predictors of QOL were analyzed. Results: Measured with EQ-5D, 56% of the patients reported a good QOL (EQ-5D Index >/=70). Low mRS and high Barthel Index scores at follow-up were associated with better overall QOL (Kendall's tau >0.5). Nevertheless, 25% of the functionally independent patients (mRS 0-2) indicated a markedly impaired QOL (EQ-5D Index <70) and 10% of disabled patients indicated good QOL. QOL was significantly lower in patients with occlusion of the internal carotid artery compared to patients with occlusion of the basilar artery or the M1, M2 or M3/4 segment of the middle cerebral artery (EQ-5D Index: p = 0.005). A high National Institute of Health Stroke Scale score on admission and occlusion of the internal carotid artery were independent predictors of impaired QOL (p < 0.05). Conclusion: More than half of the stroke survivors treated with IAT reported a good QOL, mostly survivors with mild disabilities. QOL assessment gives information that is not provided by traditional outcome scores. Our results support guidelines to measure QOL in stroke research. Copyright (c) 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy > Psychiatric Neurophysiology [discontinued]
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology

UniBE Contributor:

Fischer, Urs Martin, Arnold, Marcel, Ballinari, Pietro, Schroth, Gerhard


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health










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04 Oct 2013 14:59

Last Modified:

31 May 2023 13:09

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https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/25438 (FactScience: 58552)

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