[Antibiotic resistance: infections of the upper respiratory tract and bronchi. When are antibiotics necessary?]

Zellweger, C; Täuber, MG (2002). [Antibiotic resistance: infections of the upper respiratory tract and bronchi. When are antibiotics necessary?]. Therapeutische Umschau, 59(1), pp. 21-9. Bern: Huber

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Antimicrobial resistance among respiratory tract pathogens has become an increasing problem worldwide during the last 10-20 years. The wide use of antimicrobial agents in ambulatory practice has contributed to the emergence and spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in the community, namely Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae and Moraxella catarrhalis. The pneumococcus has developed resistance to most antibiotics used for its treatment. Classes with important resistance problems include the beta-lactams, the macrolides, the lincosamides, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, and the tetracyclines. Unfortunately, resistance to more than one class of antibiotics is common. In Haemophilus influenzae and Moraxella catarrhalis, resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics is the main concern currently. It is important to know the local resistance pattern of the most common respiratory tract pathogens in order to make reasonable recommendations for an empirical therapy for respiratory tract infection, when antibiotic therapy is indeed indicated.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Further Contribution)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute for Infectious Diseases

UniBE Contributor:

Täuber, Martin G.










Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:00

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:17

PubMed ID:



https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/25733 (FactScience: 60834)

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